Literature Review: Perilaku Kepatuhan Ibu Hamil Terhadap Protokol Kesehatan Selama Masa Pandemi

  • Parastika Anggun Fauzia Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Jember

Abstract

World Health Organization (WHO) menentapkan COVID-19 sebagai pandemi sebagai akibat dari pesatnya penularannya. Ibu hamil menjadi salah satu kelompok rentan tertular COVID-19 karena adanya perubahan fisiologis dan imunologis pada ibu hamil, sehingga memungkinkan resiko yang lebih besar pada kelompok ini. Pandemi akan memotivasi seseorang untuk berperilaku protektif sebagai upaya pencegahan. Namun demikian, fakta menunjukkan masih tingginya kasus COVID-19 ibu hamil menjadi salah satu indikator lemahnya kepatuhan ibu hamil terhadap protokol kesehatan yang ada. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis gambaran perilaku kepatuhan ibu hamil terhadap protokol kesehatan selama masa pandemi. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode Literature Review jenisnya Narrative Literature Review. Database yang digunakan diantaranya Google Scholar dan Scopus. Pencarian artikel menggunakan keyword sebagai berikut: persepsi ibu hamil AND penerapan protokol COVID-19, Sikap AND Pengetahuan ibu hamil terkait protokol COVID-19, Persepsi AND Sikap ibu hamil tentang protokol COVID-19. Hasil akhir pencarian didapati 11 artikel yang memenuhi syarat kredibilitas. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kepatuhan ibu hamil dalam penerapan protokol COVID-19 dipengaruhi oleh pengetahuan, sikap dan persepsi terkait COVID-19. Ketiga aspek tersebut saling berkaitan, dengan pengetahuan yang baik akan menghasilkan sikap dan persepsi yang baik, begitupula sebaliknya. Pengetahuan yang baik akan mendorong ibu hamil untuk bersikap positif dalam penerapan Protokol COVID-19, dan meningkatkan keyakinan ibu hamil untuk patuh terhadap protokol COVID-19.

References

1. WHO. Modes of virus transmission causing COVID-19: implications for IPC precaution recommendations [Internet]. 2020. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/331601/WHO-2019-nCoV-Sci_Brief-Transmission_modes-2020.1-eng.pdf

2. CDC. COVID-19 Vaccines While Pregnant or Breastfeeding [Internet]. 2021. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/recommendations/pregnancy.html

3. Kumbeni MT, Apanga PA, Yeboah EO, Lettor IBK. Knowledge and preventive practices towards COVID-19 among pregnant women seeking antenatal services in Northern Ghana. Kumar R, editor. PLOS ONE [Internet]. 2021 Jun 17 [cited 2022 Jan 14];16(6):e0253446. Available from: https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0253446

4. Liang H, Acharya G. Novel coronavirus disease (COVID‐19) in pregnancy: What clinical recommendations to follow? Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand [Internet]. 2020 Apr [cited 2022 Jan 14];99(4):439–42. Available from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/aogs.13836

5. CNN I. POGI: 20 Persen Kematian Ibu Hamil Akibat Positif COVID-19 [Internet]. 2021. Available from: https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20210819110357-20-682327/pogi-20-persen-kematian-ibu-hamil-akibat-positif-COVID-19

6. CDC. Data on COVID-19 during Pregnancy: Severity of Maternal Illness [Internet]. 2021. Available from: https://COVID.cdc.gov/COVID-data-tracker/#pregnant-population

7. Stafford IA, Parchem JG, Sibai BM. The coronavirus disease 2019 vaccine in pregnancy: risks, benefits, and recommendations. Am J Obstet Gynecol [Internet]. 2021 May [cited 2021 Oct 17];224(5):484–95. Available from: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002937821000776

8. Subbaraman N. Pregnancy and COVID: what the data say. Nature [Internet]. 2021 Mar 11 [cited 2022 Jan 14];591(7849):193–5. Available from: http://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-00578-y

9. Siregar RN, Aritonang J, Anita S. Pemahaman Ibu Hamil Tentang Upaya Pencegahan Infeksi COVID-19 Selama Kehamilan. J Healthc Technol Med [Internet]. 2020 Dec 11 [cited 2022 Jan 14];6(2):798. Available from: http://www.jurnal.uui.ac.id/index.php/JHTM/article/view/986

10. Refiani D, Dewi YI, Utami S, Gambaran Perilaku Ibu Hamil dalam Melakukan Antenatal Care saat Pandemi COVID-19 di Puskesmas Rawat Inap Sidomulyo Kota Pekanbaru. Health Inf J Penelit [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2022 Mar 14];13(2). Available from: https://myjurnal.poltekkes-kdi.ac.id/index.php/HIJP/article/view/272

11. Sari A, Budiono I. Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Perilaku Pencegahan COVID-19. Indones J Public Health … [Internet]. 2021;(Query date: 2022-02-03 08:09:14). Available from: https://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/IJPHN/article/download/44977/18691

12. Ummy Yuniantini, Deviyanti Y. Perilaku Penerapan Protokol Kesehatan 3 M Pencegahan Covid-19 pada Ibu Hamil di PMB Titin Widyaningsih Tahun 2021. Jurnal_Kebidanan [Internet]. 2021 Nov 2 [cited 2022 Jan 14];11(2):615–22. Available from: http://jurnal.akpb-pontianak.ac.id/index.php/123akpb/article/view/147

13. Saleh OA, Halperin O. Influenza Virus Vaccine Compliance among Pregnant Women during the COVID-19 Pandemic (Pre-Vaccine Era) in Israel and Future Intention To Uptake Bnt162b2 Mrna Covid-19 Vaccine. Vaccine [Internet]. 2022 Mar [cited 2022 Mar 22];40(13):2099–106. Available from: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0264410X22001608

14. Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Tentang Petunjuk Teknis Pelaksanaan Vaksinasi Dalam Rangka Penanggulangan Pandemi Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) [Internet]. 2021. Available from: jdih.kemkes.go.id

15. Gugus Tugas Percepatan Penanganan COVID-19. Petunjuk Praktis Layanan Kesehatan Ibu dan Bayi Baru Lahir Selama Pandemi Covid-19. In 2020.

16. Amalia NN, Rizalfiandrinata I, Kusumaningsih A, Aziza N, Chusnah FN, Fachriansyah NM, et al. Hubungan Karakteristik Ibu terhadap Perilaku Pemenuhan Kebutuhan Dasar Tumbuh Kembang Anak Selama Pandemi COVID-19. :8.

17. Gough A, Kaufman G. Pulmonary Tuberculosis: Clinical Features and Patient Management. Nurs Stand. 2011;25(47):48–56.

18. Aghababaei S, Bashirian S, Soltanian A, Refaei M, Omidi T, Ghelichkhani S, et al. Perceived Risk and Protective Behaviors Regarding COVID-19 Among Iranian Pregnant Women. Middle East Fertil Soc J [Internet]. 2020 Dec [cited 2022 Jan 14];25(1):29. Available from: https://mefj.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s43043-020-00038-z

19. Budiarti A, Dewi G, Hastuti P, ... Perilaku Pencegahan COVID-19 Pada Ibu Hamil. J Ilmu … [Internet]. 2021;(Query date: 2022-02-12 12:24:29). Available from: http://www.journal.ppnijateng.org/index.php/jikm/article/view/1234

20. Silesh M, Demisse TL, Taye BT, Desta K, Kitaw TM, Mekuria AD, et al. Compliance with COVID-19 Preventive Measures and Associated Factors Among Women Attending Antenatal Care at Public Health Facilities of Debre Berhan Town, Ethiopia. Risk Manag Healthc Policy [Internet]. 2021 Nov [cited 2022 Mar 14];Volume 14:4561–9. Available from: https://www.dovepress.com/compliance-with-COVID-19-preventive-measures-and-associated-factors-am-peer-reviewed-fulltext-article-RMHP

21. Silasi M, Cardenas I, Kwon J-Y, Racicot K, Aldo P, Mor G. Viral Infections During Pregnancy. Am J Reprod Immunol [Internet]. 2015 Mar [cited 2022 Mar 23];73(3):199–213. Available from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/aji.12355

22. Syed Anwar Aly SA, Abdul Rahman R, Sharip S, Shah SA, Abdullah Mahdy Z, Kalok A. Pregnancy and COVID-19 Pandemic Perception in Malaysia: A Cross-sectional Study. Int J Environ Res Public Health [Internet]. 2021 May 27 [cited 2022 Mar 22];18(11):5762. Available from: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/18/11/5762

23. Sarah, Multazam AM, Gobel FA. Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kepatuhan Ibu Hamil Terhadap Protokol Kesehatan COVID-19 Di Puskesmas Bone-Bone Kabupaten Luwu Utara. 2021;2(1):16.

24. Dewi R, Widowati R, Indrayani T. Pengetahuan dan Sikap Ibu Hamil Trimester III Terhadap Pencegahan COVID-19. Health Inf … [Internet]. 2020;(Query date: 2022-02-12 12:34:01). Available from: https://www.myjurnal.poltekkes-kdi.ac.id/index.php/HIJP/article/view/196

25. Anikwe CC, Ogah CO, Anikwe IH, Okorochukwu BC, Ikeoha CC. Coronavirus disease 2019: Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Pregnant Women in A Tertiary Hospital in Abakaliki, Southeast Nigeria. Int J Gynecol Obstet [Internet]. 2020 Nov [cited 2022 Mar 14];151(2):197–202. Available from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ijgo.13293

26. Anikwe CC, Ogah CO, Anikwe IH, Okorochukwu BC, Ikeoha CC. Coronavirus Disease 2019: Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Pregnant Women in A Tertiary Hospital in Abakaliki, Southeast Nigeria. Int J Gynecol Obstet [Internet]. 2020 Nov [cited 2022 Mar 14];151(2):197–202. Available from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ijgo.13293

27. Abdulla TN, Akram W, Abullah TM. Knowledge and Practice of Pregnant Iraqi Women about COVID-19 Preventive Measures. Medico-Leg Update [Internet]. 2021 Jan 4 [cited 2022 Mar 14];21(1):1217–23. Available from: http://ijop.net/index.php/mlu/article/view/2485

28. Allagoa DO, Oriji PC, Obagah L, Tekenah ES, Dambo N, Atemie G. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices towards COVID- 19 among Pregnant Women in a Tertiary Hospital in South-South, Nigeria. Int J Res Rep Gynaecol. 2021;3(3):7.

29. Ayele AD, Mihretie GN, Belay HG, Teffera AG, Kassa BG, Amsalu BT. Knowledge and Practice to Prevent COVID-19 and its Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women in Debre Tabor Town Northwest Ethiopia, a Community-based Cross-sectional Study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth [Internet]. 2021 Dec [cited 2022 Mar 14];21(1):397. Available from: https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12884-021-03877-4

30. Maharlouei N, Asadi N, Bazrafshan K, Roozmeh S, Rezaianzadeh A, Zahed-roozegar M, et al. Knowledge and Attitude Regarding COVID-19 among Pregnant Women in Southwestern Iran in the Early Period of its Outbreak: A Cross-sectional Study. Am J Trop Med Hyg [Internet]. 2020 Dec 2 [cited 2022 Mar 22];103(6):2368–75. Available from: https://ajtmh.org/doi/10.4269/ajtmh.20-0608

31. Notoatmojdo S. Promosi kesehatan dan Perilaku Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka cipta; 2012.

32. Alizamar,, Couto N. Psikologi Persepsi dan Desain Informasi: Sebuah Kajian Psikologi Persepsi dan Prinsip Kognitif untuk Kependidikan dan Desain Komunikasi Visual. 1st ed. Yogyakarta: Media Akademi; 2016.

33. Notoatmojdo S. lmu Perilaku Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rieka cipta; 2014.
Published
2022-05-31
How to Cite
FAUZIA, Parastika Anggun. Literature Review: Perilaku Kepatuhan Ibu Hamil Terhadap Protokol Kesehatan Selama Masa Pandemi. BIOGRAPH-I: Journal of Biostatistics and Demographic Dynamic, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 1, p. 1-12, may 2022. ISSN 2776-155X. Available at: <https://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/biograph-i/article/view/30652>. Date accessed: 27 sep. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.19184/biograph-i.v2i1.30652.
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.