Plagiarism and self-plagiarism are prohibited. Each author is responsible for ensuring that the manuscript submitted to this journal is original and plagiarism-free. It is our routine procedure to run all submissions through plagiarism detection software (Turnitin). The result of manuscript screening should be 25% of the maximum similarity. Also, the Editorial Board has the right to decline the submission when it is found that the manuscript is detected with plagiarism.
(a) the word-for-word plagiarism (the author uses the words of other authors (exactly) without mentioning the source);
(b) plagiarism over the source (the author uses the idea of others without giving enough recognition (without mentioning the source expressly); and
(c) plagiarism of authorship (the author is acknowledged as the author of the paperwork of others).