AKTIVITAS FISIK PADA REMAJA DENGAN KEGEMUKAN; SISTEMATIK REVIEW

  • Andicha Gustra Jeki Program Studi Ilmu Gizi, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Baiturrahim Jambi, Jl. Prof. DR. Moh. Yamin No.30, Lebak Bandung, Kec. Jelutung, Kota Jambi, Jambi 36135 Indonesia
  • Ike Fitria Isnaini Program Studi Diploma III Kebidanan, Akademi Kebidanan Amanah Bungo, Jl. H. Usman Suid arah PTP, Sungai Binjai, Kec. Batin III, Kabupaten Bungo, Jambi 37211 Indonesia

Abstract

Kegemukan merupakan masalah yang serius di dunia, karena terus meningkat di semua negara sejak tahun 1980 - 2014 yaitu 5% - 11% pada pria dan 8% - 15% pada wanita, serta menyebabkan 3,4 juta orang meninggal dunia setiap tahunnya. Sementara di Indonesia kegemukan pada anak usia sekolah tahun 2018 masih tinggi yaitu 11,2% gemuk dan 4,8% obesitas pada usia 13-15 tahun, serta 9,5% gemuk dan 4% obesitas pada usia 16-18 tahun. Tinjauan literatur sistematis ini bertujuan untuk mengkonfirmasi hasil penelitian sebelumnya dan menentukan tindakan apa yang perlu dilakukan khususnya mengenai kegemukan pada remaja. Metode kompilasi literatur menggunakan tinjauan sistematis, diperoleh dari database PubMed.gov, The BMJ, Cambridge.Core dan Google Scholar yang tersedia online dan diakses pada 25 November 2019 – 25 Januari 2020, yang berupa penelitian asli, diterbitkan sejak Desember 2014 – Desember 2019 tersedia teks secara lengkap, dengan kata kunci "Aktivitas Fisik dan Kegemukan Pada Remaja", intervensi dan/atau observasi, pada remaja laki-laki dan perempuan, rentang usia dalam kategori anak dan remaja. Setelah dilakukan pencarian dan skrining dengan kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi, diperoleh total 145 jurnal penelitian yang sesuai hingga pada akhir sejumlah 19 penelitian dianalisis secara sistematis, dengan tambahan 11 literatur dari Kemenkes RI, WHO dan beberapa penelitian terkait, sehingga total menjadi 30 literatur. Hasil tinjauan literatur ini menunjukkan bahwa anak-anak yang aktif secara fisik memiliki tingkat kebugaran jasmani dan status gizi yang lebih baik. Maka hendaknya anak-anak dan remaja diberikan lebih banyak kesempatan untuk melakukan aktivitas fisik, karena hal itu akan meningkatkan kebugaran jasmani dan menjaga status gizi anak di sekolah, sehingga secara sinergis dapat menekan tingginya angka kegemukan pada anak usia sekolah.

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Published
2022-06-27
How to Cite
JEKI, Andicha Gustra; ISNAINI, Ike Fitria. AKTIVITAS FISIK PADA REMAJA DENGAN KEGEMUKAN; SISTEMATIK REVIEW. Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, [S.l.], v. 18, n. 2, p. 117-126, june 2022. ISSN 2684-7035. Available at: <https://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/IKESMA/article/view/24902>. Date accessed: 27 sep. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.19184/ikesma.v18i1.24902.
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ARTICLES