THE STUDY OF THE CAUSES OF IRREGULARITY OF CRACKERS QUALITY IN THE CRACKERS INDUSTRY IN JEMBER (Case Study in Crackers Industry in Mangli, Kalisat and Arjasa, Jember)
Crackers is one of food product which is known for centuries in many forms. This
is caused by the variety of flavors, and its simple processing. Generally, crackers is
processed traditionally, so it is not surprising that some crackers producers simply process
them. Crackers is a famous and popular snack for Indonesian. The purpose of this research
is to know the most critical steps during the production and distribution process,
identifying the factors that affecting product quality, and to know the best physical and
chemical characteristic. The data of this research comes from questionnaire data and check
lists of three crackers industry In three residents (Mangli, Kalisat, and Arjasa) in Jember.
Organolepticness data and the chemical characteristic data come from the product of those
regencies. The criterion of product flaw widely spread from the smallest to the biggest.
They are thickness, crack, the ripeness and the color. The factors that affect the quality are
raw materials, weather, employers, the engine, drying process, and cooking process. Based
on the analysis of organolepticness, it shows that based on the flavor of the crackers, the
most favorable crackers is produced in Mangli. Based on the color, the most favorable
crackers is produced in Arjasa. Based on the crispness of the crackers, the most favorable
crackers is produced in Mangli. While the chemical analysis shows the highest water
content of the crackers is produced in Mangli because the high content of fiber, while the
highest crackers ash content is produced in Arjasa.