A Realistic Perspective to Transitional Justice

A Study of Its Impediments in Indonesia

  • Mirza Satria Buana Faculty of Law, Lambung Mangkurat University, Indonesia


Indonesia is one of the most democratized countries in Asia. There have been some improvements both in political and legal aspects; the most powerful legal reform was the amendments of the 1945 Constitution. In the context of civil and political rights, Indonesian people have exercised their constitutional rights to select political leaders, rotate elites and to enjoy greater civil liberty, even though there are still many rooms for improvements. One of the most vital hurdles is the failure of the reformed governments to settle gross-violation of human rights cases happened in the past. Suharto’s authoritarian regime had exercised repressive actions toward oppositions and civil society movements, including universities’ students, activists and minorities. The ad hoc Court of Human Rights had failed to reveal the truth for some prominent cases, let alone providing remedy and reconciliation. It was highly believed that the trials were conducted only as safeguards to prevent international intervention on Indonesia’s past unlawful violations.


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The 1945 Constitution (Amended).

Law No 1 of 1965 on Prevention, Misuse and/or Religious Blasphemy.

Foreign Legislation

Law No 34 of 1995 on Promotion of National Unity and Reconciliation (South Africa).

International Conventions

Vienne Convention on Laws of Treaties (1986)

Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.

Statute of the International Criminal Court.

Geneva Convention IV.

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).
How to Cite
BUANA, Mirza Satria. A Realistic Perspective to Transitional Justice. Journal of Southeast Asian Human Rights, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 2, p. 406-426, dec. 2020. ISSN 2599-2147. Available at: <https://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/JSEAHR/article/view/8395>. Date accessed: 28 may 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.19184/jseahr.v4i2.8395.

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