Pengaruh Komposisi Media dan Konsentrasi Pupuk NPK Terhadap Pertumbuhan Tanaman Kaktus (Gymnocalycium damsii var.multiproliferum)

Effect of Media Composition and NPK Fertilizer Concentration on Growth of Cactus Gymnocalycium damsii var. multiproliferum

  • Denna Eriani Munandar Program Studi Agronomi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Jember, Indonesia
  • Nugraha Abdi Maulana Program Studi Agronomi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Jember, Indonesia



Cactus is a type of ornamental plant that is quite popular,  so its development and reproduction is important. Cactus Gymnocalycium damsii var. multiproliferum can be propagated by shoots or saplings, but its  growth  is very slow. The success of cactus propagation is greatly influenced by the composition of the media and the nutrients provided. By choosing the planting media and providing the right nutrients, optimal growth of cactus saplings can be achieved. Malang sand is a planting medium with fine cavities that make it porous and light. NPK is a macro nutrient that is really needed to support plant growth and development. Research to obtain the right media composition and concentration of NPK fertilizer for the growth of Gymnocalycium damsii var multiproliferum cactus saplings  was carried out using a factorial experiment using a completely randomized block design with 3 replications. The composition of the media is a ratio between soil: compost: Malang sand  with  3 levels, namely: (1:1:1); (1:1:2) and (1:1:3) v/v. The concentration of NPK fertilizer consists of 4 levels, namely: 0; 1; 2 and 3 g/l. The results of the research showed that there was no interaction between planting media and konsentration of NPK fertilizer on growth of cactus . Concentration of NPK fertilizer 1 g/l gave the best results on plant diameter, plant height, shoot fresh weight, total fresh weight, root fresh weight, root length and root volume of the Gymnocalycium damsii var multiproliferum cactus sapling.


Alves, H. K. M. N., Silva, T. G. F., Jardim, A. M. R. F., Souza, L. S. B., Junior, G. N. A., Souza, C. A. A., Moura, M. S. B., Araujo, G. G. L., Campos, F. S., Neto, J. F. C. 2022. The Use Of Mulch In Cultivating The Forage Cactus Optimizes Yield In Less Time And Increases The Water Use Efficiency Of The Crop. Irrigation and Drainage: 1-15.
Anderson, E. F. 2001. The Cactus Family. Oregon: Timber Press.
Ashraf, Junita, D. 2020. Efektifitas Jenis Media Tanam Terhadap Perkecambahan Benih Kacang Tanah (Arachis hypogea L). Jurnal Agrotek Lestari, 6(1): 28-33.
Barker, A. V., Pilbeam, D. J. 2021. Handbook of Plant Nutrition: Second edition. Amerika: CRC Press.
Demaio, P. H., Barfuss, M. H. J. Kiesling, R., Till, W., Chiapella, J. O. 2011. Molecular Phyloge of Gymnocalycium (Cactaceae): Assessment of Alternative Infrageneric Systems, a New Subgenus, and Trends in the Evolution of the Genus. American Journal of Botany, 98(11): 1841–1854.
Dewi, S., Yetti, H. 2017. Pertumbuhan Stek Batang Dua Jenis Buah Naga dan Pemberian Pupuk NPK Majemuk. JOM Faperta, 4(1).
Gdaniec, A., Grace, O. M. 2018. Curator’s Notes on Growing Cacti Part 1: Soils and Containers. Cactus and Succulent Journal, 90(3): 37-40.
Gdaniec, A., Grace, O. M. 2019. Curator’s Notes on Growing Cacti Part 2: Watering, Feeding and pH. Cactus and Succulent Journal, 91(1): 29-31.
Lingga, P., dan Marsono. 2013. Petunjuk Penggunaan Pupuk. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya.
Lopez, H. P., Merino, F. C. G., Tellez, L. I. T., Morales, S. G., Olivares L. Y. R. 2014. Agricultural Lignocellulosic Waste and Volcanic Rock Combinations Differentially Affect Seed Germination and Growth of Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). BioResources, 9(3): 3977-3992.
Mansyur, N. I., Pudjiwati, E. H., Murtilaksono, A. 2021. Pupuk dan Pemupukan. Aceh: Syiah Kuala University Press.
Maulida, N. 2019. Studi Morfologi, Pertumbuhan, dan Perkembangan Bawang Dayak (Eleutherine Bulbosa (Mill.) Urb.) pada Berbagai Komposisi Media ban Dosis NPK. [skripsi]. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Mauseth, J. D. 2004. Giant Shoot Apical Meristems in Cacti Have Ordinary Leaf Primordia but Altered Phyllotaxy and Shoot Diameter. Annals of Botany, 94: 145-153.
Mubarok, S., Salimah, A., Farida, Rochayat, Y., Setiati, Y. 2012. Pengaruh Kombinasi Komposisi Media Tanam dan Konsentrasi Sitokinin terhadap Pertumbuhan Aglaonema. Jurnal Hortikultura, 22(3): 251-257.
Munawar, A. 2011. Kesuburan Tanah dan Nutrisi Tanaman. Bogor: IPB Press.
Pereira, P. N., Cushman, J. C. 2019. Exploring the Relationship between Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (CAM) and Mineral Nutrition with a Special Focus on Nitrogen. Interantional Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20(4363).
Pilbeam, J. 2019. Gymnocalycium - Recounted. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.
Putnam, E. W. 1978. Gymnocalyciums. Oxford: National Cactus and Succulent Society.
Roni, N. G. K., Lindawati, S. A. 2020. Pertumbuhan Tanaman Kacang Pinto (Arachis Pintoi) yang Diberi Berbagai Jenis dan Dosis Pupuk Anorganik dan Organik. Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan: 23(3): 133-138.
Rosolem, C. A., Batista, T. B., Dias, P. P., Neto, L. V. M., Calonego, J. C. 2022. The
How to Cite
MUNANDAR, Denna Eriani; MAULANA, Nugraha Abdi. Pengaruh Komposisi Media dan Konsentrasi Pupuk NPK Terhadap Pertumbuhan Tanaman Kaktus (Gymnocalycium damsii var.multiproliferum). Berkala Ilmiah Pertanian, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 4, p. 240-247, nov. 2023. ISSN 2338-8331. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 24 june 2024. doi:

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.