Ethics & Malpractice Statement


General Overview

LENTERA HUKUM is committed to upholding the highest standards of publication ethics and takes all possible measures against publication malpractice. This statement clarifies the ethical behavior of all parties involved in the act of publishing an article in this journal, including the principal editor, editorial board members, reviewers­­­­­, and authors. This statement adheres to COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors

This journal has a primary responsibility to publish original work of value to the intellectual community in the best possible form and the highest possible standards, with an expectation of similar standards from our reviewers and authors. Honesty, originality, and fair dealing on the part of authors, and fairness, objectivity, and confidentiality of editors and reviewers are among the critical values that enable us to achieve our goal. This journal is committed to following best practices on ethical matters, errors, and retractions and providing a legal review if necessary.


Duties of Editors

Accountability and plagiarism-free. The editors are accountable and responsible for deciding which articles submitted to the journal should be published. The editors may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editors should conduct a routine procedure to run all submissions through plagiarism detection software. The result of manuscript screening should be 25% of the maximum similarity. The editors have the right to decline the submission when it is found that the manuscript is detected with plagiarism.

Fair play. The editors should evaluate manuscripts for those intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.

Confidentiality. The editors and editorial staff should ensure the confidentiality of any information in the manuscript before its publication.

Conflict of interest. The editors should disclose any (potential) conflicts of interest.

Review result. The editors should evaluate and supervise the result of the reviewed manuscript.

Supervision. The principal Editor should supervise and coordinate all editors involved in the process of publication.


Duties of Reviewers

This journal is committed to ensuring that the peer-review process is conducted as robust and ethical as possible. This journal refers to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Guidelines that set out the basic principles and standards that all peer reviewers must adhere to the guidelines during the peer-review process. The important role of the peer-review process guides all parties involved to behave responsibly to keep the integrity of the academic record. 

Confidentiality. Reviewers must keep information on the manuscript confidential. Reviewers must bring to the attention of the Principal Editor any information that may be a reason to reject the publication of a manuscript. It includes that reviewers should report to the Principal Editor if they have found any violation in the manuscript.

Conflicts of interest. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts with conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

Fair play. Reviewers must evaluate manuscripts only for their intellectual content without considering genders, sexual preference, religious belief, citizenship, ethnicity and origin, or political philosophy of the authors.


Duties of Authors

Reporting standards. Authors should present their results clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification, or inappropriate data manipulation. Authors should describe their methods clearly and unambiguously so that others can confirm their findings.

Originality, plagiarism-free, and acknowledgment of sources. Authors should adhere to publication requirements that the submitted work is original, is not plagiarized, and has not been published elsewhere. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. If authors have used the work and/or words of others, this original has been appropriately cited or quoted and accurately reflects individuals’ contributions to the work and its reporting.

Proper citations. Authors should ensure that all citations in the manuscript have been cited/credited/referenced properly, including the conformity of resources in the footnote and bibliography.

Data access and retention. Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review and should, in any event, be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest. All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Authorship. Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where others have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included in the paper. All co-authors have seen and approved the document's final version and agreed to its publication submission.

Multiple, redundant, or concurrent publications. Authors should not publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Fundamental errors in published works. When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her published work, the author should promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.