Can the Job Creation Law Solve the Lack of Public Participation in Indonesia's Spatial Planning?

  • I Gusti Ngurah Parikesit Widiatedja Udayana University, Indonesia
  • Ni Gusti Ayu Dyah Satyawati Udayana University, Indonesia
  • Mohammad Qadam Shah Seattle Pacific University, USA


It has been long recognized that public participation plays a vital role in dealing with spatial planning laws. However, mechanisms for the inclusion of public participation have been criticized worldwide for lacking the hallmarks of actual participation, as this trend has also occurred in Indonesia. This paper aimed to analyze the significance of public participation in Indonesia's spatial planning and whether the current Job Creation Law can solve the lack of public participation. There are no legal consequences or sanctions if the government fails to conduct public participation, while the Job Creation Law is regarded to encourage public participation by enabling the public to be actively involved in every stage of spatial planning. By employing normative research, this paper shows that the Job Creation Law reiterates the same flaws by neglecting the importance of legal consequences for not conducting public participation. The implementing regulation rests uncertainty that can reduce and discourage public participation. As the Job Creation Law was highly expected to cope with the issue, it cannot involve the public properly in spatial planning.

How to Cite
WIDIATEDJA, I Gusti Ngurah Parikesit; SATYAWATI, Ni Gusti Ayu Dyah; SHAH, Mohammad Qadam. Can the Job Creation Law Solve the Lack of Public Participation in Indonesia's Spatial Planning?. Lentera Hukum, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 2, p. 237-262, july 2022. ISSN 2621-3710. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 30 jan. 2023. doi:

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