DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND PUBLIC TRANSPORT: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES

  • Rudi Sugiono Suyono Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering Institut Technology of Bandung
  • Ofyar Z. Tamin Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering Institut Technology of Bandung
  • Sony Sulaksono Wibowo Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering Institut Technology of Bandung
  • Heru Purboyo School of Architecture, and Policy Planning Institut Technology of Bandung

Abstract

Today motorization happens quite fast even faster in many cities in the world. The number of motor vehicles in the world is expected to reach about 1.3 billion by 2020, more than double the current number. In the case of Indonesia, in the past three decades, motorization and urbanization has become a trend in many cities - metropolitan city. Unlike developed countries, most developing countries do not have a mass transit system that adequate to suppress the increase in motorization in urban areas. This research try mapping issues and challenges of public transport plan, implementation and operation in developing countries by literature study’s methodology. Finding of this study, at least, there are 5 (five) issues in the relation with public transport in developing countries i.e. sustainability impact issues, multi-faceted actor in the public transport implementation (organization and institutional issues), need of  public transport appraisal in strategic level issues, funding (budget constraint) issues, and competition and regulation issues. Then, there are some challenges of public transport implementation such as problem of political organization, problem of integrated transport planning, continuing need to develop appropriate   pricing and charging devices and financing instruments, the matter of   industrial structure, the issue of  competitive system design, the perceived problem of affordability and problem of strategic choice, particularly in urban areas.

Published
2014-08-23
How to Cite
SUYONO, Rudi Sugiono et al. DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND PUBLIC TRANSPORT: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES. Prosiding Forum Studi Transportasi Antar Perguruan Tinggi, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 1, aug. 2014. ISSN 2356-0509. Available at: <https://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/PFSTPT/article/view/2946>. Date accessed: 24 feb. 2020.