PENGUATAN MODAL SOSIAL BERBASIS KELEMBAGAAN LOKAL MASYARAKAT PESISIR PERSPEKTIF GENDER DI KABUPATEN BANTUL

  • Oktiva Anggraini Universitas Widya Mataram Yogyakarta
  • Muhammad Agus Universitas Widya Mataram Yogyakarta

Abstract

The aims of this research are getting to know: encouraging the creation of social capital empowerment in the empowerment of fisherman based local institution with gender perspective in coastal area of ​​Bantul regency. With descriptive qualitative research design, data collection techniques: in-depth interview; literature study, observation and FGD. The results showed that coastal villages in Bantul district have developed institutions and rules that effectively limit the rate of exploitation of natural resources. Characteristic of social capital of coastal community in research location indicated that dominant group is group of citizen (arisan, RT), pengajian, fisherman group and fisherman. Given that the dominant group resides in the internal environment of the settlement and consists of the settlement community itself, access to outside resources is limited. The level of participation in the group was quite good seen from the presence, material and non-material. The level of trust and solidarity is relatively high. Values ​​are still firmly held and result in collective action and cooperation is relatively good enough. Social capital was more used for the fulfillment of daily needs (subsistence), is temporary and very personal. There was still a less supportive local culture, a wasteful life. Not many types of services could be expanded access because of the existence of a limited group. Social capital that supports the management of tourist destinations and coastal community empowerment in general need strengthening of related institutions, especially DKP, Dinpar and Disperindagkop Bantul regency more integrated. The caution of the coastal empowerment initiators resulted in coastal communities in Bantul district failing to develop social capital in the context of managing government resources such as bangdes funds, etc

References

Anggraini, Oktiva. 2006. “Kajian Restrospektif Program Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Masyarakat Pesisir” dalam Jurnal Kebijakan dan Administrasi Publik UGM, volume 10, Mei 2006.

________,“Kajian Retrospektif Program Pemberdayaan Wanita Nelayan di DIY”, dalam buku “ Kemajuan Terkini Penelitian Klaster Sains –Tekhnologi, Kedokteran-Kesehatan, Agro dan Sosial Humaniora”, Kantor Wakil Rektor Bidang PPM UGM, 2006.

_______,“Marginalisasi Masyarakat Nelayan” dalam Jurnal Padma Sri Kresna UWMY, no.10 vol.2 November Th. 2006.

Bennet, E Vallete., HR Maiga. eds. 2004. Room to manoeuvre: gender and coping strategies in the Fisheries Sector, Porsmoth , U K , IIDRA.

Coleman, J. 1988. Social Capital in the Creation of Human Capital, American Journal of Sociology.

Eaton, Joseph W. 1986. “Petunjuk bagi Perumusan Teori Pembangunan” dalam Pembangunan Lembaga dan Pembangunan Nasional: dari Konsep ke Aplikasi. Editor J.W. Eaton. UI Press. Jakarta. Hal 157 – 167.

Fukuyama, Francis. 1999. Social Capital and Civil Society. Institute of Public Policy. George Mason University.

________ 2003. Social Capital and Economic Development. Routledge. London.

Hasbullah, Jousairi. 2006, Sosial Capital, Menuju Keunggulan Budaya Manusia Indonesia, Jakarta: MR-United Press.

Hendarti, Paulina Ratna, 1975. Perbedaan Orientasi Nilai Budaya Antara Generasi Muda dan Orang Tua Golongan Keturunan Cina. Jakarta: Leknas. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sains& Humaniora 5 (3), 236-258 JPPSH, Lembaga Penelitian Undiksha, Desember 2011.

Hermawanti dan Hesti Rinandari. 2002. Penguatan dan Pengembangan Modal Sosial Masyarakat Ada, dalam Copyright @ 2003 Institute For Research and Empowerment.
Ostrom, E. 1990. Governing the Commons: the Evaluation of Institutions for Collective Action, Cambridge University Press, New York.
Sahudiyono. 2009. Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Mayarakat Pesisir (PEMP) di Wilayah Pesisir Kabupaten Bantul, Tesis, UGM.
Syahyuti. 2003. Bedah Konsep Kelembagaan: Strategi Pengembangan dan Penerapannya dalam Penelitian Pertanian, Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian. Badan Litbang Pertanian. Bogor.
Sutoro, Eko. 2004. Modal Sosial, Desentralisasi dan Demokrasi Lokal, dalam Jurnal Analisis CSIS, Vol. 33,No.3, Sept,, Jakarta: CSIS.

Wahyuni, Sri. 2007. “Modal Sosial sebagai Usaha Mengurangi Kemiskinan Masyarakat Nelayan pada Tinjauan Prespektif Gender” dalam Jurnal Aplikasi Administrasi vo. 9 no. 1 Mei.

FAO, 2012, Selected Issues in Fisheries and Aquaculture, National Aquaculture Sector Overview, NASO Facts Sheet.

Laporan PNPM DIY, 2010.
Published
2018-10-19
How to Cite
ANGGRAINI, Oktiva; AGUS, Muhammad. PENGUATAN MODAL SOSIAL BERBASIS KELEMBAGAAN LOKAL MASYARAKAT PESISIR PERSPEKTIF GENDER DI KABUPATEN BANTUL. JSEP (Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics), [S.l.], v. 11, n. 2, p. 11-24, oct. 2018. ISSN 2356-2382. Available at: <https://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/JSEP/article/view/6889>. Date accessed: 19 june 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.19184/jsep.v11i2.6889.
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.