• Maria Nina Egyna Brahmana Program Studi Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, IPB University
  • Tanti Novianti Program Studi Ilmu Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, IPB University


The US was the world's largest pepper importer in 2020. Most of the US pepper imports came from Indonesia and Vietnam. The greater the number of imports will lead to the emergence of many competitors from other countries. The increasing producers and exporters of a product worldwide will result in tighter competitiveness between countries to win the market. Indonesian pepper exports fluctuate and tend to decrease, allegedly due to the low competitiveness of Indonesian pepper products compared to Vietnam. This study aims to analyze the competitiveness of Indonesian and Vietnam black pepper and analyze factors that affect Indonesian black pepper exports to America. This research is a quantitative research that uses secondary time series data from the period 2011-2020. Data sources were obtained from UN Comtrade, Central Statistics Agency, Ministry of Agriculture, and Indonesia Central Bank. The analysis uses RCA and Multiple Regression. The results showed that Indonesian pepper export competitiveness has an RCA value of 25.83, and Vietnam has RCA of 29.28. The volume of exports made by Indonesia to the American market is markedly influenced by the value of RCA and exchange rates, while the price of exports and domestic pepper production has no significant effect.


Badan Pusat Statistika. (2020). Data Ekspor Hasil Perkebunan. [03 November 2021].

Balqis, P., & Yanuar, R. (2021). Daya Saing Ekspor Lada Indonesia. Forum Agribisnis (Agribusiness Forum), 11(2), 182–194.

Bank Indonesia. (2021). Kurs Transaksi Bank Indonesia. [20 Oktober 2021].

Harahap, N. H. P., & Segoro, B. A. (2018). Analisis Daya Saing Komoditas Karet Alam Indonesia ke Pasar Global. TRANSBORDERS: International Relations Journal, 1(2), 130–143.

Kumoratih, D., Anindita, G., Ariesta, I., & Tholkhah, E. (2021). The role of visual communication design to increase public literacy on the history of Spice Route in supporting Indonesia's proposal toward UNESCO's World Cultural Heritage. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 729(1), 12107.

Kurnianto, D. T., Suharyono, & Mawardi, K. (2016). Daya Saing Komoditas Lada Indonesia di Pasar Internasional (Studi Tentang Pasar Lada Indonesia Tahun 2010-2014). Jurnal Administrasi Bisnis, 40(2), 58–64.

Lestari Baso, R., & Anindita, R. (2018). Analisis Daya Saing Kopi Indonesia. Jurnal Ekonomi Pertanian Dan Agribisnis, 2(1), 1–9.

Rachma Safitri, V., & Kartiasih, F. (2019). Daya Saing dan Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Ekspor Nanas Indonesia. Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia, 10(1), 63–73.

Sitanini, A., Sutanto, A., & Wijayanti, I. K. E. (2020). Faktor – Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Volume Ekspor Kopi Indonesia Ke Jepang. JSEP (Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics), 13(3), 253.

UN Comtrade. (2021). United Nations Commodity Trade Statistics Database. [23 Oktober 2021].

Utami, T. A. (2017). Analisis Daya Saing Ekspor Biji Dan Produk Olahan Kakao Indonesia (Periode Tahun 2012-2016). Universitas Brawijaya.

Wardani, V., & Sunyigono, A. (2021). Daya Saing dan Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Ekspor Lada Indonesia ke India. Jurnal Ekonomi Pertanian Dan Agribisnis, 5(3), 655–666.

Wardhany, M., & Adzim, F. (2018). Determinant of Cocoa Export in Indonesia. Economics Development Analysis Journal, 7(3), 286–293.

Wahyudi, N. (2019). Indonesia Hentikan Ekspor Lada ke Vietnam. Retrieved.
How to Cite
BRAHMANA, Maria Nina Egyna; NOVIANTI, Tanti. DAYA SAING DAN FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI EKSPOR LADA INDONESIA KE AMERIKA: PENDEKATAN REVEALED COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE. JSEP (Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics), [S.l.], v. 15, n. 2, p. 113-122, july 2022. ISSN 2356-2382. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 26 may 2024. doi:

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.