Examining the Reproductive Rights in the Wake of COVID-19 Pandemic in Nigeria
An Evolving Issue of Human Rights Regime
The prospect of achieving sustainable reproductive rights protection in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic in Nigeria has remained an intractable problem. To identify and recognize reproductive rights, it is necessary to comprehend that reproductive right embraces certain human rights recognized in national and international laws, including international human rights’ documents. This paper examined the existing Nigeria laws on reproductive and health rights and ascertained the extent to which it had continually and predictably addressed the reproductive rights protection problem. There was a significant protection gap in the national human rights architecture. At the international level, among the poorer adolescent girls between the age of 15-19 years, it frequently resulted in early pregnancy and, of course, unsafe abortion. Thus, this gap related in particular to questions on lack of access to family planning services. This paper argued that improvement of reproductive and sexual health went far beyond the right to life and the right to health of women and girls. To guarantee Nigeria's reproductive rights, a more integral response to these critical human rights and development challenges could address Nigeria's protection gap. This paper adopted an analytical and qualitative approach by referring to existing pieces of literature achieved by the synthesis of ideas. This paper concluded that the adoption of a new approach to policies and programs on preventable maternal mortality and morbidity guaranteed the right to attain the highest standard of sexual reproductive health in Nigeria.
KEYWORDS: Reproductive Rights, Health Issues, COVID-19 Pandemic, Nigeria.
B. Marge, "HIV/AIDS, Sexual and Reproductive Health: Intersections and Implications for National Programmes," Health Policy and Planning 19, suppl. 1 (Oxford University Press, 2004).
C. Rebecca, "International Protection of Women's Reproductive Rights," New York University Journal of International Law and Politics, Vol. 24, p.645, (1991-1992).
Federal Ministry of Health, The National Health Policy, and Strategy to Achieve Health for All Nigerians (1988).
International Monetary Fund Report on COVID-19, “The Great Lockdown: Worst Economic Downturn Since the Great Depression” 2020.
J. Hopkins, "Loss of sense of smell as a marker of COVID-19 Infection". Ear, Nose and Throat Surgery Body of the United Kingdom 2020. Accessed May 19, 2020.
J. Watts and N. Kommenda, "Coronavirus Pandemic leading to the huge drop in Air Pollution" The Guardian Newspaper (London, March 23, 2020).
K. Anant, “Role of Males in Reproductive and Sexual Health Decisions” (2007) The Bihar Times.
Nigerian National Policy on Population for Development, Unity, Progress and Self-Reliance 1 (1988) (National Policy).
O. Nnamuchi, The Right to Health in Nigeria, Right to health in the Middle East Project, Law School, University of Aberdeen.
O. N Ogbu Human Rights Law and Practice 84, 86 (cid jap Press. 1999).
Right to Healthcare, online https://www.righttohealthcare.org/Docs/ Documentsc.htm> accessed August 11, 2020.
R. B. Siegal, Sex Equality Arguments for Reproductive Rights: Their Critical Basis and Evolving Constitutional Expression), (2007) Faculty Scholarship Series. Paper 1137.
R. Clamp, "Coronavirus and the Black Death: Spread of Misinformation and Xenophia shows we have not learned from our past" March 5, 2020.
S. Jade, "Why there will soon be tons of toilet papers, and what food may be scarce, according to supply chain exports." March 18, 2020.
S. Tavenise and R.A Oppel, "Spit on, Yelled at, Attacked: Chinese Americans Fear for Their Safety" The New York Times (New York, March 23, 2020).
The New York Times, "A List of What has Been Canceled Because of the Coronavirus" acceded May 19, 2020.
T.P Valavan and C.G Meyer, "The COVID-19 Epidemic" Tropical Medicine and International Health 25(3) (200) at 278-280.
United Nations Population Fund, Sexual and Reproductive Health for All, (2010).
United Nations Population Fund, "Male Involvement in Reproductive Health, Including Family Planning and Sexual Health Technical Report No. 28, (1995).
United States Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, "Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Symptoms" March 20, 2020, accessed May 19, 2020.
United States Centres for Disease Control and prevention, "Interim Clinical Guidance for Management of Patients with Confirmed Coronavirus Disease. (COVID-19)" April 4, 2020, accessed May 19, 2020.
United States Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, "Symptoms of Novel Coronavirus (2019-NCOV)" February 10, 2020, accessed May 10, 2020.
United Nations Educational, Scientific, Cultural Organization (UNESCO), "COVID-19 Educational Disruption and Response" March 4, 2020, accessed May 19, 2020.
World Health Organization, "Coronavirus very likely of animal origin, no sign of lab manipulation" Reuters April 21, 2020, accessed May 19, 2020.
World Health Organization, "Novel Corona Virus – China" accessed on May 2020
World Health Organization, Reproductive Health. Available at http://www.who.int/topics/reproductive_health/ accessed August 8, 2020.
World Health Organization, "The World Health Organization Director – General's Opening Remarks at the media Briefing on Covid-19, March 11, 2020" accessed May 19, 2020.
World Health Organization, "COVID -19 Dashboard by the Centre for systems science and Engineering at John Hopkins University", Arcegis John Hopkins University accessed May 19, 2020.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The Indonesian Journal of Law and Society has CC-BY-SA or an equivalent license as the optimal license for the publication, distribution, use, and reuse of scholarly work. Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
You are free to:
Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.
Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.
The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.
All papers published in the Indonesian Journal of Law and Society are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.