Author Guidelines

All manuscripts  submitted to this journal must be written in good English. Authors for whom English is not their native language are encouraged to have their paper be checked before submission for grammar and clarity.  The work should not have been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. 


General Author Guidelines

All manuscripts must be submitted to Geosfera Indonesia using Online Submission Service at the following URL address: Author should register first as author role. If authors have any problems with the online submission, please contact Editorial Office at the following email:

Three types of manuscripts are acceptable for publication: Original Research Articles, Short Communication, and Review Articles .The following documents should accompany the manuscripts submitted by online through online submission interface (upload as Supplementary Files):


Manuscript Template

The manuscript should be prepared according to the following author guidelines in the MS Word manuscript template format: download a manuscript template



 General Organization of Paper

Manuscript content should, in general, be organized in the following order: Title; Authors Name; Authors Affiliation; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction; Methods; Results and Discussion; Conclusions; Acknowledgments; and References. Manuscript document submitted to this journal (in one MS Word).

Please include Covering Letter and Statement of Originality in a separate document file containing your summary of scientific findings and uploaded in Supplementary Files.



Tables are sequentially numbered with the table title and number above the table. Tables should be centered in the column OR on the page. Tables should be followed by a line space (12pt). Elements of a table should be single-spaced. However, double spacing can be used to show groupings of data or to separate parts within the table.  Table headings should be in 10pt not bold. Tables are referred to in the text by the table number, e.g., Table 1. Do not show the vertical line in the table. There is only a horizontal line that should be shown in the table, as well as table heading. Because tables  supplement the text, all tables should be referenced in the text. Authors also must explain what the reader should look for when using the table. Focus only on the important point the reader should draw from them, and leave the details for the reader to examine on her own. Detailed recommendations for tables are as follows:

-Material that is tabular in nature must appear in a numbered captioned table.
-All tables appearing in article must be numbered in the order that they appear in the text.
-Each table must have a caption fully explaining the content with the table number  i.e. Table 1, Table 2, etc.
-Each column must have a clear and concise heading
-Tables are to be presented with single horizontal line under: the table caption, the column headings and at the  end of the table.
-All tables must be referred to in the body of the article, and Each table must be fully cited if taken from another article



Figures are sequentially numbered commencing at 1 with the figure title and number below the figure as shown in Figure 1. Because  figures supplement the text, all  figures should be referenced in the text. Authors also must explain what the reader should look for when using the  figure. Focus only on the important point the reader should draw from them, and leave the details for the reader to examine on her own. Detailed recommendations for figures are as follows:

-Ensure that figures are clear and legible with typed letterings.

-Black & white or colored figures are allowed.

-If a figure spans two columns, it should be placed at the top or bottom of a page.

-Hard copy illustrations should, preferably, be scanned and included in the electronic version of the submission in an appropriate format.

-All figures appearing in article must be numbered in the order that they appear in the text.
-Each figure must have a caption fully explaining the content
-Figure captions are presented as a paragraph starting with the figure number i.e. Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.
-Figure captions appear below the figure
-Each figure must be fully cited if taken from another article
-all figures must be referred to in the body of the article



Equations should be numbered serially within parentheses as shown in Equation (1). The equation should be prepared using MS Equation Editor (not in image format). The equation number is to be placed on the extreme right side. Symbols in the equation should be typed as a paragraph descriptive, not as a bulleted list. The explanation of symbols in the Equation must be described as a  listed format.


Units, Abbreviations, and Symbols

Metric units are preferred and should be consistent throughout the body text. Define abbreviations and symbols for the first time as they are introduced in the text.


Manuscript Heading, Font, and Spacing

The manuscript should be typed using word processors (Microsoft Word or Open Office) software. The font used throughout the paper is Times New Roman. The paper size is A4 (i.e., 210 x 297 mm), one-column format with a 2.5 cm margin at the top, a 2.5 cm margin at the bottom, 2.5 cm margin on the left, and 2 cm margin on the right. Lines are one-half spaced, justified. Page numbers should be included in the text located in the footer section of each page. Important: Use of pronouns, such as: I, we, etc., is to be avoided.

Manuscript submitted to this journal should follow the heading below : Title; Authors Name; Authors Affiliation; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction;  Methods; Results and Discussion; Conclusions; Acknowledgments; and References


Title Page

This includes: the title of the manuscript, the full names without academic and professional credentials with commas between names. Title Must Be Brief, Informative and Indicates The Main Point(S) of The Paper. ( 5-15 Words) Font Size Time New Roman 16A number (1) is to be used to designate the corresponding author with academic and professional credentials, institutional affiliation(s), postal and e-mail addresses of each author. 


The abstract should stand alone, means that no citation and figures and equation format in the abstract. Consider it the advertisement of your article. The abstract should tell the prospective reader what you did and highlight the key findings. This abstract should provide a brief background of the problem (preferably 1-2 sentences), and is arranged in 1 paragraph which contains a brief description of the manuscript. Abstract must meet international standard abstract that includes purpose of research, method, findings, and conclusion. Font size Time New Roman 12. Please follow word limitations (100‐250 words)


should be provided below the abstract to help with the electronic search (3-5 words). Font size Time New Roman 12 , space 1. Maximum of 5 keywords separated by semicolon (;).


This part provides the state of the art of the study and consists of an adequate background, previous research in order to record the existing solutions/method to show which is the best, the main limitation of previous research, to show the scientific merit or novelties of the paper, and research objective. Avoid a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. Do not describe the literature survey/review as author by author, but should be presented as a group per method or topic reviewed which refers to some pieces of literature. Before the objectives and after the literature review, the author must state the gap analysis or novelties statements to show why does this paper is important and what is a unique idea of this paper compared to other previous researchers' suggestions.

 One of the examples of novelty statement or the gap analysis statement at the end of Introduction section (after state of the art of previous research survey):

........ (short summary of background)....... .....(put here state of the art or overview of previous researches similar to this research).............. A few researchers focused on ....... There have been limited studies concerned on ........ Therefore, this research intends to ................. The objectives of this research are .........”.


........ (short summary of background)....... .....(put here state of the art or overview of previous researches similar to this research).............. A few researchers focused on ....... There is no researcher concerned on ........ Therefore, this research focuses on ................. Therefore, this research is aimed to .........”.



This part explains how the research is conducted, research design, data collecting techniques, instrument development, provide sufficient details of the methods including the ethical conduct and data analysis techniques.

Results and Discussion

Results state the major findings of the research instead of providing data in great detail. Results should be clear, concise and can be reported on texts or graphics. Please provide some introduction for the information presented on tables or images. These are composed of a research result as displayed as words, tables, figure, and photographs. The limitation of using grapics and photos will be appreciated. However, it needs to be displayed if it can describe a better explanation for research result. All of Figures and tables should be given continuing numbers and must be referred in the article. The analysis should answer the gap stated. The qualitative data, e.g. interview results, is discussed in paragraphs. 

The discussion should explore the significance of the results of the study. The references contained in the introduction should not be re-written in the discussion. A comparison to the previous studies should be presented. The following components should be covered in discussion: How do your results relate to the original question or objectives outlined in the background section (what)? Do you provide interpretation scientifically for each of your results or findings presented (why)? Are your results consistent with what other investigators have reported (what else)? Or are there any differences? 


They consist of important conclusions of paper. Conclusions illustrate the answer of the hypothesis and / or research objectives or scientific findings obtained. The conclusion does not contain the repetition of the results and discussion, but rather the summary of the findings as expected in the objectives or hypotheses. If necessary, at the end of the conclusion can also be written the things that will be done related to the next idea of the study. The conclusion is written in the whole paragraph, not the points per point.


Acknowledgments (if any):

Briefly acknowledge research funders, and any research participants in this section.

References :

All manuscripts should be formatted using the American Psychological Association (APA) citation style. For additional examples, consult the most recent edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.Reference list should only include works that have been published or accepted for publication. Unpublished works should be only mentioned in the text. Reference list should be with the bibliographic details of the cited books, book chapters, or journal articles.  In this part, all the used references must be taken from primary sources (scientific journals and the least number is 80% from all the references) that published in the last ten years. 

Reference citations in the text: Takahashi (2014) or (Takahashi, 2014); O’neil et al. (2006) or (O’neil et al., 1974); Priyanto & Johnson (2011) or (Priyanto & Johnson, 2011). Citing a citation, such as Morris in Miftah et al. (2008), and using ‘Anonym’ as reference are not allowed. All the served data or quotes in the article taken from the other author articles should attach the reference sources. The references should use a reference application management such as Mendeley, End Note, or Zotero. 

Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last names of the first author of each work in the format hanging, Times New Roman, 12. It is also preferable when Authors give DOI number of each reference. 

Examples of guideline for preparing references list are described as follows :

Citation of Books

Author’s surname Initial(s) of the given name(s). (Year of Publication) Title of Book, Volume number (if relevant), edition (if relevant). Publisher, Place of Publication

Citation of Articles

Author’s surname Initial(s) of the given name(s). (Year of publication) Title of article. Journal Volume number (and issue number if issues within a volume number are not consecutively paginated): Number of first and last page of article. DOI number

Citation of Websites

Author’s surname Initial(s) of the given name(s). (if known) title, type of document (if relevant), date of issue (if available), web address and date of access, if the document or the website may be subject to change.

Examples :

Article :

Szewrański, S., Świąder, M., Kazak, J. K., Tokarczyk-Dorociak, K., & van Hoof, J. (2018). Socio-environmental vulnerability mapping for environmental and flood resilience assessment: The case of ageing and poverty in the city of wrocław, poland. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, 14(5), 592-597. doi:10.1002/ieam.4077 

Conference :

 Stead, G. (2005). Moving mobile into the main-stream. Paper presented at the mLearn 2005: 4th World Conference on m-Learning. Cape Town, South Africa.

Book :

James, H. (1937). The ambassadors. New York, NY: Scribner.

Website :

Ivey, K.C. (1996). Citing Internet sources URL http://www.eei- ← (but should be avoided)


Please send the Microsoft Excel files of every graphic / picture made in excel format to make a clearer export after being copied to the journal.



Manuscripts sent back to the authors after revision should be returned to the editor without delay. The revised manuscript should be uploaded to the Online Submission Interface ( in the "Upload Author Version" from Review task window. The revised document should include: One (1) MS Word file for Revision Note file in a table form with respect to Reviewers' comments including the location of the revision on the revised manuscript. The table columns should be Number, Reviewers Comments, Answer/Revision Note, Location of Revision (page number, column, and/or line); and One (1) MS Word file for Revised Manuscript file according to Template-based format (MS Word file) (Important: please color highlight the revised sentences). The revised manuscript returned later than three months will be considered as a new submission and will be reviewed again by other peer-reviewers



These guidelines describe authorship principles and good authorship practices to which prospective authors should adhere to.

Authorship clarified

The Journal and Publisher assume all authors agreed with the content and that all gave explicit consent to submit and that they obtained consent from the responsible authorities at the institute/organization where the work has been carried out, before the work is submitted. The Publisher does not prescribe the kinds of contributions that warrant authorship. It is recommended that authors adhere to the guidelines for authorship that are applicable in their specific research field. In absence of specific guidelines it is recommended to adhere to the following guidelines*:

All authors whose names appear on the submission

1) made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data; or the creation of new software used in the work;

2) drafted the work or revised it critically for important intellectual content;

3) approved the version to be published; and

4) agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

* Based on/adapted from:

ICMJE, Defining the Role of Authors and Contributors,

Transparency in authors’ contributions and responsibilities to promote integrity in scientific publication, McNutt at all, PNAS February 27, 2018

Author identification

Authors are recommended to use their ORCID ID when submitting an article for consideration or acquire an ORCID ID via the submission process.

Deceased or incapacitated authors

For cases in which a co-author dies or is incapacitated during the writing, submission, or peer-review process, and the co-authors feel it is appropriate to include the author, co-authors should obtain approval from a (legal) representative which could be a direct relative.

Authorship issues or disputes

In the case of an authorship dispute during peer review or after acceptance and publication, the Journal will not be in a position to investigate or adjudicate. Authors will be asked to resolve the dispute themselves. If they are unable the Journal reserves the right to withdraw a manuscript from the editorial process or in case of a published paper raise the issue with the authors’ institution(s) and abide by its guidelines.


Authors should treat all communication with the Journal as confidential which includes correspondence with direct representatives from the Journal such as Editors-in-Chief and/or Handling Editors and reviewers’ reports unless explicit consent has been received to share information.

Changes to authorship

Changes of authorship by adding or deleting authors, and/or changes in Corresponding Author, and/or changes in the sequence of authors are not accepted after acceptance of a manuscript.

Please note that author names will be published exactly as they appear on the accepted submission.

Adding and/or deleting authors at revision stage are generally not permitted, but in some cases it may be warranted. Reasons for these changes in authorship should be explained. Approval of the change during revision is at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief. 



Copyright transfer

Authors will be asked to transfer copyright of the article to the Publisher. Author Signed Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA) form  (scan the document after signed or signed electronically) [download the CTA form here ]


Proof reading

The purpose of the proof is to check for typesetting or conversion errors and the completeness and accuracy of the text, tables and figures. Substantial changes in content, e.g., new results, corrected values, title and authorship, are not allowed without the approval of the Editor.

After online publication, further changes can only be made in the form of an Erratum or Corrigendum or Addendum, which will be hyperlinked to the article.