Solusi Perselisihan Konsulat Jenderal dan Kedutaan Besar Amerika Serikat di Indonesia dengan Staf Warga Negara Indonesia

  • Eunike Giovani Fernanda University of Jember
  • Ida Bagus Oka Ana University of Jember

Abstract

Indra Taufiq, an Indonesia citizen, a former local staff working for the United States of America Consulate General in Medan, brought an appeal to the Indonesian Supreme Court to the United States of America Consulate General in Medan and its embassy to pay Indra Taufiq’s termination of employement rights. Although the verdict of the cassation was won by Indra Taufiq, the consulate general and the embassy of the United States of America refused to carry out the court's verdict on the grounds of diplomatic immunity. This is a legal issue that should be reviewed in terms of the perspective of international law related to the legal status of diplomatic or consular representation in Indonesia and what should be done Indonesia to protect the rights of Indonesian citizens workers.


Keywords: Diplomatic and Consular Immunity, Dispute, Citizens

References


  1. “U.S Relation With Indonesia”, online: US Dep State <http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2748.htm>.

  2. “Amerika Serikat”, online: <http://www.kemlu.go.id/washington/en/Pages/Amerika-Serikat.aspx>.

  3. Ibid.

  4. Pasal 1 Konvensi Wina tentang Hubungan Diplomatik, 1961 [Konvensi Wina tentang Hubungan Diplomatik].

  5. Pasal 5 Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 29 Tahun 2007 tentang Pemerintahan Provinsi Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta sebagai Ibukota Negara Republik Indonesia [Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 29 Tahun 2007 tentang Pemerintahan Provinsi Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta sebagai Ibukota Negara Republik Indonesia].

  6. Pasal 6 Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 28 Tahun 2002 tentang Bangunan Gedung [Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 28 Tahun 2002 tentang Bangunan Gedung].

  7. Pasal 6 ayat (2) Peraturan Daerah Provinsi Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta Nomor 7 Tahun 2010 tentang Bangunan Gedung [Peraturan Daerah Provinsi Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta Nomor 7 Tahun 2010 tentang Bangunan Gedung]. Lihat juga Pasal 8 ayat (3) di Undang-Undang yang sama.

  8. Pasal 10 ayat (7) Ibid.

  9. Pasal 3 ayat (1)  Konvensi Wina tentang Hubungan Diplomatik, supra note 4.  Berbunyi: huruf a. Mewakili negara pengirim di negara penerima; huruf b. Melindungi kepentingan nasional negara pengirim di negara penerima, sepanjang dalam batasan hukum internasional; huruf c. Negosiasi dengan pemerintah negara penerima; huruf d. Mengamati kondisi hukum dan perkembangan negara penerima dan melaporkannya ke pemerintah negara pengirim; huruf e. Mempromosikan hubungan baik diantara negara pengirim dan negara penerima, dan mengembangkan hubungan ekonomi, budaya, dan ilmu pengetahuan di antara kedua belah pihak.

  10. Ataberk Ozcan, “Blind Alley of Diplomacy: The Legal Status of Ministers Abroad and Foreign Agencies” (2017) Jus Gentium Int at 5.

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  12. Ibid.

  13. Cedric Ryngaert, “The Concept of Jurisdiction in International Law” (2014) Utrecht Univ at 1.

  14. Mohinderpal Sethi et al, “State and Diplomatic Immunity” 1:9 Ela Brief, online: <http:// www.devereuxchambers.co.uk/assets/docs/publications/state_and_diplomatic_immunity.pdf> at 16.

  15. Sumaryo Suryokusumo, “Yurisdiksi Negara vs. Yurisdiksi Ekstrateritorial” (2005) 2:4 Indones J Int Law at 686.

  16. Pasal 9 Konvensi Wina tentang Hubungan Diplomatik, supra note 4.

  17. Lisa Rodgers, “Immunity and The Public/Private  Boundary in EU Employment Law” (2015) 6:1 Eur Labour Law J, online: <http://www.ellj.eu/pdf_file/ITS/ELLJ_06_01_0048.pdf> at 6.

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  20. Ozcan, supra note 10 at 4.

  21. Pasal 4 ayat (1) State Immunity Act 1978 [State Immunity Act 1978] at 3.

  22. Pasal 4 ayat (2) Ibid.

  23. Pasal 16 Ibid at 9.

  24. Pasal 4 ayat (2) huruf c Ibid at 3.

  25. Foreign States Immunities Act 1985, 196 [Foreign States Immunities Act 1985] at 7.

  26. Ibid at 8.

  27. Pasal 6 ayat (1) The Statutes of The Republic of Singapore, 2014 [The Statutes of The Republic of Singapore] at 5.

  28. Pasal 6 ayat (2) Ibid.

  29. Pasal 9 ayat (1) Act on the Civil Jurisdiction of Japan with respect to a Foreign State, etc. [Act on the Civil Jurisdiction of Japan with respect to a Foreign State, etc.] at 3.

  30. Pasal 9 ayat (2) Ibid.

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  34. Dodik Setiawan Nur Heriyanto, Scope and Effect of the Immunity Principles in International Law Privat and Busnisess Law University of Debrecen, 2017) [unpublished] at 4.

  35. Sethi et al, supra note 14 at 16.

  36. Ady Thea, “Lagi, PHI Hukum Kedubes Asing”, (Selasa,   Desember 2015), online: hukumonline.com <http://www.hukumonline.com/berita/baca/lt565d606a2c93b/lagi--phi-hukum-kedubes-asing>.

  37. Luis Pereira dan Kedutaan Besar India untuk Indonesia, 2013 Mahkamah Agung at 31.

  38. Ibid at 2.

  39. Pasal 1 angka 4 Undang-Undang Nomor 13 Tahun 2003 tentang Ketenagakerjaan, 25 March 2013 [Undang-Undang Nomor 13 Tahun 2003 tentang Ketenagakerjaan].

  40. Pasal 1 angka 5 Ibid.

  41. Pasal 1 angka 1 Undang-Undang  Nomor 2 Tahun 2004 tentang Penyelesaian Perselisihan Hubungan Industrial, 14 January 2004 [Undang-Undang  Nomor 2 Tahun 2004 tentang Penyelesaian Perselisihan Hubungan Industrial].

  42. Pasal 11 angka 1 United Konvension on Jurisdictional Immunities of States and Their Property 2004 [United Konvension on Jurisdictional Immunities of States and Their Property 2004].

  43. Pasal 11 angka 2 Ibid.

  44. Ibid.

  45. Joanne Foakes, Elizabeth Wilmshurt & Chatham House, “State Immunity: The United Nations Convention and its Effect” (2005) 5:1 Int Law Programme Chatham House, online: <http://www.mafhoum.com/press8/239P2.pdf> at 6.

  46. Pasal 5 State Immunity Act, 2012 [State Immunity Act] at 3.

  47. Pasal 2 Ibid at 1.

  48. Pasal 3 ayat (1) Ibid at 2.

  49. Julia Brower, “State Practice on Soverign Immunity in Employment Disputes Involving Embassy and Consular Staff” (2015) Cent Glob Leg Chall Yale Law Sch, online: <https://law.yale.edu/system/files/state_immunity_in_ employment_disputes.pdf> at 28.

  50. Yasir Gocke, “Trend Toward the resprective Doctrine of State Immunity: An Evaluation of This Trend in respect of Employment Contract” (2015) 6:11 Law Justice Rev at 188.

  51. Ibid at 195.

  52. Ibid.

  53. Pasal 32 ayat (4)  Konvensi Wina tentang Hubungan Diplomatik, supra note 4.

Published
2018-05-07
How to Cite
FERNANDA, Eunike Giovani; ANA, Ida Bagus Oka. Solusi Perselisihan Konsulat Jenderal dan Kedutaan Besar Amerika Serikat di Indonesia dengan Staf Warga Negara Indonesia. Lentera Hukum, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 1, p. 1-15, may 2018. ISSN 2621-3710. Available at: <https://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/eJLH/article/view/5706>. Date accessed: 21 july 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.19184/ejlh.v5i1.5706.
Section
Articles

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