Utilization Arabica Skin Waste of Coffee as a Basic Material for Making Bioethanol in Sukorejo Village, Sumber Wringin District Bondowoso Regency

  • Gatot Subroto University of Jember
  • Djoko Soejono University of Jember

Abstract

Sukorejo Village is a village located in Sumber Wringin District, Bondowoso Regency. Most of the residents work as agricultural laborers in the PTPN XII Plantation and a partial small as owners of the Arabica coffee plantations. The potential  Arabica coffee waste belonging to the people, both solid waste and liquid waste, in each stage of the processing process is very large, but so far it is still very little used. Usually the coffee skin waste is only allowed to accumulate in the processing plant, causing an unpleasant odor and polluting the surrounding environment. The waste generated from the process of separating coffee skins from coffee beans (pulping process) in the form of biomass is very abundant, and few percent used for livestock feed and compost. One farmer group during the coffee harvest season (about 4 months) requires premium fuel of approximately 2 liters per day for the process of grinding coffee cherries into coffee powder. The waste generated from the process of separating coffee skins from coffee beans in the form of biomass is very abundant, and is only used a few percent for animal feed and compost. Therefore, to overcome the need for fuel, namely by utilizing coffee husk waste as a basic material for making bioethanol. Taking into account the above conditions, this service is carried out in Sukorejo Village, Sumber Wringin District, Bondowoso Regency, with the hope of increasing farmers' income by reducing the cost of purchasing fuel.

References

Ariadi, H.P, Sukatiningsih dan Windarti, W.S. “Ekstraksi Senyawa Antioksidan Kulit Buah Kopi” (2015) Kajian Jenis Kopi Dan Lama Maserasi. Berkala Ilmiah Pertanian.
Ditjenbun [Direktorat jenderal Perkebunan]. Pemanfaatan Kulit Buah Kakao dan Kopi Pada Pertanaman Kakao dan Kopi (PT. Perkebunan.2006)
Galvão E, Menezes T. “Use of Different Extracts of Coffee Pulp for the Production of Bioethanol” (2013) 673– 87.
Gunasekaran,P.and Raj,K.C. Fermentation Technology-Zymomonas mobilis,Departement of Microbial Technology (India: School Of Biological Science, Mandurai Kamaraj University. 1999).

Indartono Y, "Bioethanol, Alternatif Energi Terbarukan” (2005) Kajian Prestasi Mesin dan Implementasi di lapangan. Fisika, LIPI.
Juwita A, Mustafa A, Tamrin R. “Studi Pemanfaatan Kulit Kopi Arabika (Coffe Arabica L.) sebagai Mikro Organisme Lokal (MOL)” (2017)Agrointek. 11(1): 1–8. https://doi.org/ 10.21107/agrointek.v11i1.2937
Kimia JT, Negeri P, Pandang U. Pembuatan Bioetanol Sebagai Bahan Bakar Rumah Tangga. 2018;
Kosaric, N., Z.,Duvnjak, A., Farkas, H., Sahm, S., Bringer-Meyer, O., Goebel dan D., Mayer. “Ethanol dalam Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry” (1993), edisi ke-5, Vol. A9., Verlag-Chemie, weinheim, Jerman, hal. 587-653.

Marcelinda A, Ridhay A, Prismawiyanti. “Aktivitas Antioksidan Ekstrak Limbah Kulit Ari Biji Kopi (Coffea sp) berdasarkan Tingkat Kepolaran Pelarut” (2016) Journal of Natural Science 5(1): 21-30
Nurdyastuti, I. “Teknologi Proses Produksi Bioetanol” (2008) Jurnal Prospek Pengembangan Bio-fuel.
Poedjiadi., Anna. Dasar-dasar Biokimiawi (Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia, 1994).
Rahardjo P. Panduan Budidaya dan Pengolahan Kopi Arabika dan Robusta (Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya. 2012).
Raudah, “Pemanfaatan Kulit Kopi Arabika Dari Proses Pulping Untuk Pembuatan Bioetanol” (2012) Skripsi, Politeknik Negeri Lhokseumawe.
Ridwansyah. Pengolahan Kopi (Jurusan Teknik Pertanian. Fakultas Pertanian. Universitas Sumatera Utara. 2003)
Saisa, “Produksi Bioetanol Dari Limbah Kulit Kopi Menggunakan Enzim Zymomonas Mobilis Dan Saccharomyces Cereviseae” (2018) Skripsi, Universitas Serambi Mekkah.
Siswati, N.D., M. Yatim, dan R. Hidayanto, Bioetanol Dari Limbah Kulit Kopi Dengan Proses Fermentasi (Jurusan Teknik Kimia, Fakultas Teknologi Industri, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional “Veteran” Jawa Timur. 2010).
Thamrin S, Slamet H, Dwijono HD, Jamhari. “Efisiensi Teknis Usaha Tani Kopi Arabika di Kabupaten Enrekang” (2015) Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian. 18(2): 92−97. https://doi.org/10.22146/ ipas.9090
Widyotomo, S., 2012. “Potensi Dan Teknologi Diversifikasi Limbah Kopi Menjadi Produk Bermutu Dan Bernilai Tambah” (2013) Review Penelitian Kopi Dan Kakao, 1(1), p.
Published
2022-03-15
How to Cite
SUBROTO, Gatot; SOEJONO, Djoko. Utilization Arabica Skin Waste of Coffee as a Basic Material for Making Bioethanol in Sukorejo Village, Sumber Wringin District Bondowoso Regency. Warta Pengabdian, [S.l.], v. 16, n. 1, p. 58-74, mar. 2022. ISSN 2655-7509. Available at: <https://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/WRTP/article/view/21849>. Date accessed: 04 oct. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.19184/wrtp.v16i1.21849.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.