Modification of Bag Valve Mask Based on Bibliometric Review and Analysis

  • Pratama Yulianto Nursing Master Student, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jenderal Soedirman University, Purwokerto, Indonesia
  • Saryono Saryono Nursing Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jenderal Soedirman University, Purwokerto, Indonesia
  • Ridlwan Kamaluddin Nursing Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jenderal Soedirman University, Purwokerto, Indonesia


A bag valve mask (BVM) is a tool that provides basic life support measures for ventilation assistance. The effectiveness of providing ventilation assistance can be influenced by the accuracy of the timing of ventilation to minimize the risk of hyperventilation. This study aims to analyze current research themes and trends in the global use and adaptation of BVMs. The research design used descriptive analysis with a bibliometric analysis approach through the Publish or Perish and VosViewer applications. The article search period used was 2000-2023 from the Scopus and PubMed databases and continued with a trend analysis of the topics studied. The results of article searches that have been carried out on the Publish or Perish application obtained 193 articles that discuss BVM since 2000-2023 based on the Scopus and Pubmed databases. There are 3 clusters of research topics, namely, the comparison of the use of BVM with other tools in the ventilation or oxygenation process, the use of BVM in the intubation or induction process, and research related to the effectiveness of BVM tools modified with different techniques or shapes. According to the results of the bibliometric analysis, 193 articles are related to the topic of BVM. Currently, research on BVMs consists of comparison, effectiveness of use, and process actions that involve BVMs. However, research has yet to be conducted on BVM modification. This is a great opportunity for researchers to conduct innovative research to develop BVM with various facilities that can support it.


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How to Cite
YULIANTO, Pratama; SARYONO, Saryono; KAMALUDDIN, Ridlwan. Modification of Bag Valve Mask Based on Bibliometric Review and Analysis. NurseLine Journal, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 1, p. 10-18, apr. 2024. ISSN 2541-464X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 21 july 2024. doi:

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