Pengaruh Diabetes Self-Management Education and Support (DSME/S) Terhadap Kualitas Hidup pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 (The Effect of Diabetes Self Management Education and Support (DSME/S) on Quality of Life in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitu

  • Anis Fitri Nurul Anggraeni
  • Rondhianto Rondhianto
  • Peni Perdani Juliningrum

Abstract

Type 2 DM is a chronic disease requiring long-term care, so it needs self-management education to
prevent the complication. The patient's inability to perform self-care can reduce the quality of life. DSME/S
is one of education which facilitates knowledge, skills, patient abilities, and family support in self-care.
DSME/S is given in the form of discharge planning to improve knowledge and skills in self-care. This
research aimed to analyze the effect of Diabetes Self-Management Education and Support (DSME/S) on
quality of life of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in RSD dr. Soebandi. The research design was
quasi experimental with pre-test post-test with control group design. A number of samples were 30 people
divided into two groups: 15 people in the treatment group and 15 people in the control group. DSME/S
was conducted in 6 sessions. Sessions 1-4 were performed in the hospital and sessions 5-6 were
performed at the patient’s home. The data were analyzed by using dependent t test and independent t
test which significance level of 0.05. The result of t-dependent test indicated that there was significant
different quality of life between pre-test and post-test in the treatment group (p = 0.001) and control group
(p = 0.002). The result of Independent t test showed a significant difference between treatment group and
control group (p = 0.001). The enhancement of quality of life on the treatment group was greater than the
control group. The conclusion showed that there was significant effect of DSME/S on the quality of life of
type 2 DM patients. DSME/S could improve patient self-care knowledge and abilities in controlling blood
sugar and prevent complications may effect of quality of life. Nurses can apply DSME/S in health
promotion programs to type 2 DM patients in hospital.
Keywords: Type 2 diabetes mellitus, quality of life, DSME/S

Published
2018-09-27
How to Cite
ANGGRAENI, Anis Fitri Nurul; RONDHIANTO, Rondhianto; JULININGRUM, Peni Perdani. Pengaruh Diabetes Self-Management Education and Support (DSME/S) Terhadap Kualitas Hidup pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 (The Effect of Diabetes Self Management Education and Support (DSME/S) on Quality of Life in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitu. Pustaka Kesehatan, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 3, p. 453 - 460, sep. 2018. ISSN 2355-178X. Available at: <https://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/JPK/article/view/11688>. Date accessed: 24 feb. 2020.
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Articles