Dinamika Populasi Kompleks Parasitoid Telur Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) Pada Ekosistem Kapas Monokultur dan Kapas Tumpangsari dengan Jagung

  • Damayanti BUCHORI
  • Bandung SAHARI
  • Dwi Adi SUNARTO

Abstract

Eggs of Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on its host plants could be
parasitized by some species of parasitoids, especially of the genus Trichogrammatoidea and
Trichogramma. This research was aimed to study the population dynamics of egg parasitoids of H.
armigera
on unsprayed fields of cotton monoculture and intercropped with maize. The plot size of
each field was 19 m x 20 m, with five replicates. We collected H. armigera eggs from both fields
periodically since 23 days after planting (dap) to 100 dap. The eggs were collected on 9 sample units
(size of sample unit: 1 m2) in 7-days interval. The number of collected and parasitized eggs was
recorded and the emerged parasitoids were identified to species level. The result showed that the
fluctuation pattern of H. armigera egg population was not different on cotton monoculture and cotton
intercropped with maize. The parasitoid population was relatively high during the flowering phase of
cotton and maize. The parasitoids of H. armigera eggs found in cotton monoculture and cotton
intercropped with maize were T’toidea armigera, T’toidea guamensis, T’toidea bactrae bactrae,
T’toidea bactrae fumata, T. chilonis and T. chilotraeae
. The dominant species on early season until
the flowering phase of the plants was T’toidea armigera, while on the latter phase of the plant
phenology was T. chilotraeae. Implication of this population dynamics and the succession of the
parasitoids in biological control are discussed.
Published
2012-12-05
How to Cite
BUCHORI, Damayanti; SAHARI, Bandung; SUNARTO, Dwi Adi. Dinamika Populasi Kompleks Parasitoid Telur Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) Pada Ekosistem Kapas Monokultur dan Kapas Tumpangsari dengan Jagung. Jurnal Pengendalian Hayati, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 2, p. 78-82, dec. 2012. ISSN 1979-2190. Available at: <https://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/JPH/article/view/27>. Date accessed: 24 jan. 2019.
Section
Artikel Penelitian

Keywords

parastioid telur, Helicoverpa armigera, dinamika populasi, Trichogrammatoidea, Trichogramma.