Catalytic Conversion From Plastic Waste by Silica-Alumina-Ceramic Catalyst to Produce an Alternative Fuel Hydrocarbon Fraction

  • Hendro Juwono Departemen Kimia, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember Surabaya
  • M. Arif Tri Sujadmiko Departemen Kimia, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember Surabaya
  • Laily Fauziah Departemen Kimia, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember Surabaya
  • Ismi Qurrota Ayyun Departemen Kimia, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember Surabaya


Liquid fuels from polypropylene plastic waste have been successfully performed by catalytic cracking method. The catalyst used is Al-MCM-41- Ceramics. The catalyst was characterized by XRD, SEM, Pyridine-FTIR, N2-Adsorption-Desorption, and the product of catalytic cracking were investigated by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS). The catalyst was using three times at sample notify A,B and C. The results showed liquid fuels have the largest percentage of gasoline (C8-C12) are 92.76; 91.92 and 90.58 percent fraction produced. The performance of catalyst showed that reuseability number were decrease, but the charactersitic of liquid fuel produced were also be agreeable to commercial gasoline standard.
Keywords: olypropylene waste plastics, liquid fuels, catalytic conversion, Al-MCM-41-Cer catalyst, reuseability number.


Bintarasari, S. I. (2017). Performance Efficiency of Catalytic Cracking of Polypropylene (PP) Plastic Waste Using Al-MCM-41 Catalyst, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

Fang Chen , X. M., Feng-Shou Xiaoo (2011). Mesophorous solid acid catalyst. Catal Surv Asia 15: 37-48.

Hasanzadeh, M., N. Shadjou and E. Omidinia (2013). Mesoporous Silica (MCM-41)-Fe2O3 as a Novel Magnetic Nanosensor for Determination of Trace Amounts of Amino Acids. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 108: 52-59.

Hendro Juwono, T., Sutarno, Endang tri Wahyuni (2013). The Influence of Pd Impregnation into Al-MCM-41 on The Characters and Activity Biogasoline Production by Catalytic hydrocracking of FAMEs from Nyamplung seed Oil (calophyllum Inophyllum). Indones.J.Chem 13 (2): 171 - 178.

Heydariaraghi, M., S. Ghorbanian, A. Hallajisani and A. Salehpour (2016). Fuel Properties of The Oils Produced From The Pyrolysis of Commonly-used Polymers: Effect of Fractionating Column. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 121: 307-317.

Juwono, H., T. Triyono, S. Sutarno, E. T. Wahyuni, H. Harmami, I. Ulfin and F. Kurniawan (2017). Production of Hydrocarbon (C7-C20) from Hydrocracking of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters on Pd/Al-MCM-41 Catalyst. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis 12(3): 337.

Li, Q., S. E. Brown, L. J. Broadbelt, J.-G. Zheng and N. Q. Wu (2003). Synthesis and Characterization of MCM-41-Supported Ba2SiO4 Base Catalyst. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 59(2-3): 105-111.

Pinto, F., F. T. Varela, M. Gonçalves, R. Neto André, P. Costa and B. Mendes (2014). Production of bio-hydrocarbons by hydrotreating of pomace oil. Fuel 116: 84-93.

PL Gai, E. B. (2011). Electron_Microscopy_in_Heterogeneous_Catalysis__Microscopy_in_Materials_Science_.pdf>. Institute of Physics Publishing, Bristol and Phyladelphia, US.

Ratnasari, D. K., M. A. Nahil and P. T. Williams (2017). Catalytic Pyrolysis of Waste Plastics Using Staged Catalysis for Production of Gasoline Range Hydrocarbon Oils. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 124: 631-637.

Shelly Biswas a, c., 1,⇑, Sachchit Majhi b, Pravakar Mohantyb, K.K. Pant b, D.K. Sharmaa, I. I. o. T. D. a Centre for Energy Studies, New Delhi 110016, India, I. I. o. T. D. b Department of Chemical Engineering, New Delhi 110016, India and V. T. D. R. D. S. T. U. c Department of Chemistry, Avadi, Chennai 600062, India (2014). Effect of Different Catalyst on The Co-cracking of Jatropha Oil, Vacuum Residue and High Density Polyethylene. Fuel 133: 96-105.

Trisunaryanti, W. (2002, ). Optimation of Time and Catalyst/Feed Ratio in Catalytic Cracking of Waste Plastics Fraction to Gasoline Fraction Using Cr/Natural Zeolite Catalyst. Indo. J. Chem 2(1),: 30-40.

Zeynep Obali , N. A. S., and Timur Doğu (2008). Chemical Engineering Communication 196:1-2, : 116-130, .

Zhao, X., L. Wei, S. Cheng, Y. Huang, Y. Yu and J. Julson (2015). Catalytic Cracking of Camelina Oil for Hydrocarbon Biofuel Over SM- Zn Catalyst. Fuel Processing Technology,139.
How to Cite
JUWONO, Hendro et al. Catalytic Conversion From Plastic Waste by Silica-Alumina-Ceramic Catalyst to Produce an Alternative Fuel Hydrocarbon Fraction. Jurnal ILMU DASAR, [S.l.], v. 20, n. 2, p. 83-88, july 2019. ISSN 2442-5613. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 22 nov. 2019. doi: