Food Estate Program Law Politics

Towards Fulfillment of the Rights of Central Kalimantan Dayak Indigenous Peoples

  • Ditta Wisnu Pasah Kahanjak Consultan & Law Office, Indonesia


This study aims to determine the implications of the food estate program on the fulfillment of the rights of the Dayak people of Central Kalimantan and the legal policy of the preparation and implementation of the National Economic Recovery Program (NERP) through the Food Estate in Central Kalimantan in line with the principles of human rights and traditional values of the Central Kalimantan Dayak. The type of research used in compiling this research is empirical normative juridical research. This research is descriptive. The types of data used are primary data and secondary data. Primary data collection techniques through interviews while secondary data obtained through library research. Primary and secondary data were analyzed qualitatively. The results of the study show that: First, the Food Estate Program in Central Kalimantan, which is one of the national economic recovery programs (NERP) has had a significant impact on the indigenous Dayak people of Central Kalimantan who have ties to forests, land and rivers as well as causing vertical and horizontal conflicts in their lives’ implementation. Second: the Central Government and Local Governments in formulating regulations and policies, on the one hand, have the enthusiasm to pay attention to the customary values and traditions of the Dayak indigenous people of Central Kalimantan but are weak at the implementation stage, causing conflicts due to the issuance of Law of the Republic of Indonesia No. 11 of 2020 concerning Job Creation and its derivative regulations that put forward the principle of omnibus law which aims to create a quality business and investment climate without paying attention to the principles of human rights, ecological justice and the customary values and traditions of the Dayak people of Central Kalimantan.

Keywords: Legal policy, Human Rights, Ecological Justice.


Ibrahim, Johnny. Normative Law Theory, Methods and Research (Teori, Metode Dan Peneitian Hukum Normatif). Malang: Bayumedia Publising, 2007.

Konsorsium Pembaruan Agraria. ‘End of Year Notes 2020 Consortium for Agrarian Reform (Catatan Akhir Tahun 2020 Konsorsium Pembaruan Agraria : PandemiCovid-19 Dan PerampasanTanah Berskala Besar Edisi Peluncuran I: Laporan Konflik Agraria Di Masa Pandemi Dan Krisis Ekonomi)’. Jakarta, 2020.

MD, Moh. Mahfud. Legal Politics in Indonesia (Politik Hukum Di Indonesia). Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada, 2009.

Mikkelsen, Britha. Participatory Research Methods and Empowerment Efforts: A Guide for Field Practitioners (Metode Penelitian Partisipatoris Dan Upaya Pemberdayaan: Panduan Bagi Praktisi Lapangan). Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia, 1995.

Moleong, Lexy J. Qualitative Research Methodology (Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif). Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya, 2002.

Nugraha, Indra. ‘Involvement of Farmers in Food Estate Projects in Central Kalimantan Unclear (Pelibatan Petani Dalam Proyek Food Estate Di Kalteng Tak Jelas)’. Mongabay, 24 September 2020. 24/pelibatan-petani-dalam-proyek-food-estate-di-kalteng-tak-jelas/.

Pantau Gambut. ‘Central Kalimantan Food Estate, Instant Policy Full of Controversy (Food Estate Kalimantan Tengah, Kebijakan Instan Sarat Kontroversi)’. Jakarta, n.d.

Putri, Anggalia. ‘Karpet Merah Kebijakan Food Estate’. Madani Berkelanjutan, 23 February 2021.

Riwut, Tjilik. Maneser panatau tatu hiang: Dayak manners and customs in Kalimantan, Indonesia. Pusakalima, 2003.

Simarmata, Rikardo, and Bernadinus Steni. Indigenous Law Communities as Legal Subjects: Legal Skills of Indigenous Law Communities in the Field of Private and Public Law (Masyarakat Hukum Adat Sebagai Subjek Hukum: Kecakapan Hukum Masyarakat Hukum Adat Dalam Lapangan Hukum Privat Dan Publik). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Sempu, 2017.

Triwibowo, Dionisius Reynaldo. ‘600 Hectares of Cassava Farm at Mount Mas (Kebun Singkong 600 Hektar Di Gunung Mas)’. KOMPAS. 7 March 2021.

———. ‘Members of the Central Kalimantan DPD RI Ask for Land Clearing for Cassava Gardens to Be Stopped (Anggota DPD RI Kalteng Minta Pembukaan Lahan Untuk Kebun Singkong Dihentikan)’. KOMPAS. 29 April 2021.

———. ‘Outdated Promises of the Food Barn (Janji Usang Lumbung Pangan)’. KOMPAS, 25 October 2020. nusantara/2020/10/25/janji-usang-lumbung-pangan/.

WALHI Kalimantan Tengah and Pantau Gambut. ‘Food Estate: Measuring Indonesia’s Food Politics (Food Estate: Menakar Politik Pangan Indonesia)’. Kalimantan Tengah, 2021.

Zakaria, Yando. Ethnography of Indigenous Lands: Basic Concepts and Guidelines for Field Studies (Etnografi Tanah Adat: Konsep-Konsep Dasar Dan Pedoman Kajian Lapangan). Bandung: Agrarian Resources Center (ARC), 2018.
How to Cite
WISNU, Ditta. Food Estate Program Law Politics. Journal of Contemporary Sociological Issues, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 1, p. 76-91, feb. 2022. ISSN 2775-2895. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 28 sep. 2022. doi: