THE CARRYING CAPACITY ON ECOSYSTEM SERVICES OF LAND USE CHANGE AT BORDER ENTIKONG
Entikong Region is located in Sanggau Regency, West Kalimantan Province, Indonesia, which is directly adjacent to Malaysia. Land use in the Border Area, which is massive and irregular, results in environmental degradation, deculturization, and lack of living standards of the community. High population growth in the border areas leads to excessive use of natural resources, and used land is not appropriately allocated. The land has limited function, and if the demand for the land is greater than the carrying capacity, there will be an imbalance that results in land degradation and its environment. The purpose of this study is to identify the type and extent of land function switch, analyze provider services as part of the Land Support Capacity Ecosystem services, and identify the Accuracy of Image Interpretation. The results showed that the increasing area of massive land use comes from a mixed plantation in 2017 increased by 60.6% of the total area of Entikong District. Degradation occurs in primary forest land use component which is only 18.6% of Entikong's total area in 2017. This indicates that the use of mixed plantation land acquires the protected forest, with many palm, rubber, and pepper. Similarly, the percentage of accuracy test from the interpretation result reaches 83.33% from 42 sample points in accordance with the real conditions. The Value of Clean Water Ecosystem Service Providers in 2011 was 0.36 and was 0.33 in 2017. Then within the period of almost 7 years, it is decreased by 0.03. Thus, the Ecosystem Service Index of clean water providers has a value less than 1, it means the function of the area as a provider of clean water is very small. Similarly, the Provider Ecosystem Services Index for Foodstuffs, the Value of Food Ecosystem Services Index in 2011 was 0.32 and was 0.31 in 2017, then within the nearly 7-year period, it is decreased by 0.01. The ecosystem services index as a food supply provider for the Entikong border area is very low (less than 1) which means the carrying capacity of the environment is not good enough for supplying food needs in Entikong. This indicates that there is a reduction in the availability of environmental services, and if it continues, then Environmental Assets declines sharply and services derived from nature will be lost or will be expensive in the near future. Thus, optimization and revitalization of land use are necessary by applying various policies related to development in the border area in Entikong District.
Keywords: Borders, Land Use, Ecosystem Provider Services.
Admadhani, D. N., Hajil, A. H. S., & Susanawati, L. D. (2013). Analysis of Water Supply and Water Demand for Carrying Capacity Assessment ( Case Study of Malang ). Journal of Natural Resources and Environment.
Asdak, C., & Salim, H. (2006). Water Resource Capacity As a Spatial Planning Consideration. Journal of Environmental Engineering P3TL-BPPT.
Ernan Rustiadi, Sunsus Saefulhakim, D. R. P. (2011). Planning and Regional Development. Restpent Press.
Ghozali. (2013). Referral of Land Use Utilization Through Ecological Footprint in Gresik Regency. Territory and Environment, 1 No.1, 67–78.
Hamidy, Z. (2003). Land Cover Change, Composition, and Life Type in Suakaidupan Cikepuh. Faculty of Forestry, IPB.
Muta’ali, L. (2015). Regional Analysis Techniques For Regional Planning, Spatial Planning, and Environment (Februari). Yogyakarta: Faculty of Geography UGM.
National Standardization Department. (2010). Classification of Land Cover.
Purwadhi. (2008). Introduction Remote Sensing Imagery Interpretation. Semarang: LAPAN.
Riqqi, A. (2014). Design Concept Techniques Determination of Supporting Capacity and Capacity of the National Environment and Islands / Islands And Provinces. Bali: KLH.
Saripin, I. (2003). Identify Land Use Using Landsat TM Imagery. Agricultural Engineering Bulletin.
Varika. (2015). Monitoring of Ecosystem Service-Based Ecotourism (Recreation and Ecotourism) Capacity in 2000 and 2015 Using Landsat Image in Badung Regency, Bali.
Viska. (2012). Land Use Direction in Batu City Based on Ecological Ecosystem Approach. Pomits Technique, 1 No.1, 1–6.
Copyright (c) 2018 Geosfera Indonesia Journal and Department of Geography Education, University of Jember
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share A like 4.0 International License