A Review Paper on Monitoring Environmental Consequences of Land Cover Dynamics with The Help of Geo-informatics Technologies

  • Ziyad Ahmed Abdo Department of Public Relation and Communication, Ethiopian Ministry of Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Satya Prakash Department of Civil Engineering, Sharda University , Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, 201310, India http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6633-7480

Abstract

Land cover dynamics is a challenging and vigorous process that associates natural and human systems that have undeviating effects on atmosphere, water and soil which lead to many environmental problems worldwide. Urbanization is one of a major land cover change that is highly correlated with many environmental problems that need emphasis. This paper aimed to review and present level and effect of land use land cover changes, urbanization, factors affecting land cover change and application of geographic information system & remote sensing in monitoring land cover changes. Over the past 300 years, about 1.2 million kilometer square of forests and 5.6 million kilometer square of pasture and rangeland were replaced by other uses worldwide, while cultivated land increased by 12 million km2. In 1950, only 30 percent of the world population lived in urban settings, the fraction raised to 55% by 2018. This led to about roughly 60% of the ecosystem services are being destroyed or used in unsustainable ways worldwide. Population expansion, change of technology, high land value, corruption, lack of awareness, migration of people and political pressure are among major driving force of land cover changes. Geo-informatics technology specially GIS and Remote Sensing is found to be an excellent tool for study of land cover change that enables observation across large area of earth’s surface with low cost, better efficient and high accuracy. Therefore monitoring, analyzing and evaluation of land cover dynamics with the help of geo-informatics is decisive for improved management & characterizing land cover alteration processes, and determining its environmental consequences.


Keywords :  land use; land cover change;  urbanization; GIS & remote sensing; environment


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Published
2020-12-30
How to Cite
ABDO, Ziyad Ahmed; PRAKASH, Satya. A Review Paper on Monitoring Environmental Consequences of Land Cover Dynamics with The Help of Geo-informatics Technologies. Geosfera Indonesia, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 3, p. 364-389, dec. 2020. ISSN 2614-8528. Available at: <https://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/GEOSI/article/view/18284>. Date accessed: 14 may 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.19184/geosi.v5i3.18284.
Section
Review Articles