The Effect of Google Earth Utilization on Students' Spatial Thinking Ability

  • Sri Rahayu Department of Geography Education, University of PGRI Palembang Jln. Jend. A. Yani, Lr Gotong Royong 9/10 Ulu, 30116, Palembang, Indonesia
  • M Murjainah Department of Geography Education, University of PGRI Palembang Jln. Jend. A. Yani, Lr Gotong Royong 9/10 Ulu, 30116, Palembang, Indonesia
  • M Idris Department of Geography Education, University of PGRI Palembang Jln. Jend. A. Yani, Lr Gotong Royong 9/10 Ulu, 30116, Palembang, Indonesia

Abstract

The ability to think spatially in geography learning is essential, so it requires technology-based learning resources in the form of google earth, which can facilitate students in imagining or visualizing images in mind. In this regard, this study aims to determine the effect of the use of google earth on the spatial thinking abilities of students in the class X Geography of SMA PGRI 2 Palembang. This study used an experimental research method (Posttest-Only Control Design), because this design is suitable to use if the pre-test is not possible or pre-test can influence the experimental. The sample data collection technique uses Purposive Sampling, which is based on considerations or criteria that must be met by the sample used in the study. The sample in this study is class X IPS 1 as the experimental class and X IPS 2 as the control class. Data collection techniques use documentation and tests. For data analysis techniques, normality test, homogeneity test, and hypothesis testing using the IBM SPSS Statistics 20 formula for Windows. Based on the results of the study, the average value of the experimental class's superior post-test was 82.92, and the results of the posttest control class were 66.39. It shows that there are differences in the spatial thinking ability of the experimental group students who were treated using Google Earth during the learning process. The significance of the results of the posttest t-test from the two experimental and control groups was 0.000, and then the null hypothesis Ho was declared rejected because based on the t-test criteria, the significance value was <0.05 or the Sig (2-tailed) value of 0,000 was obtained <0.05. So it can be concluded that there is a significant influence between the use of google earth on the spatial thinking ability of students in the class X Geography subject of SMA PGRI 2 Palembang.


Keywords: Google Earth, Spatial Thinking Ability, Geography.


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Copyright (c) 2019 Geosfera Indonesia Journal and Department of Geography Education, University of Jember


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Published
2019-12-12
How to Cite
RAHAYU, Sri; MURJAINAH, M; IDRIS, M. The Effect of Google Earth Utilization on Students' Spatial Thinking Ability. Geosfera Indonesia, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 3, p. 291-301, dec. 2019. ISSN 2614-8528. Available at: <https://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/GEOSI/article/view/13350>. Date accessed: 23 feb. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.19184/geosi.v4i3.13350.