Retraction, Withdrawal, and Correction

Article Retraction

Geosfera Indonesia is committed to playing its part in maintaining the integrity of the scholarly record. Therefore on occasion, this journal is necessary to retract articles. Articles may be retracted if:

First, there is a major scientific error that would invalidate the conclusions of the article. For instance, there is clear evidence that findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error).

Second, the findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper cross-referencing, permission, or justification (i.e. cases of redundant publication).

Third, there are ethical issues such as plagiarism (appropriation of another person's ideas, processes, results, or words without giving appropriate credit including those obtained through confidential review of others' manuscripts) or inappropriate authorship.

In order to ensure that retractions are handled according to publication best practice and in accordance with COPE retraction guidelines, this journal adopts the following retraction process.

First, an article requiring potential retraction is brought to the attention of the journal editor.

Second, the journal editor should follow the step-by-step guidelines according to the COPE flowcharts (including evaluating a response from the author of the article in question).

Third, the final decision as to whether to retract is then communicated to the author and, if necessary, any other relevant bodies, such as the author's institution on occasion.

Fourth, the retraction statement is posted online and published in the next available issue of the journal.

Note that if authors retain the copyright for an article, this does not mean they automatically have the right to retract it after publication. The integrity of the published scientific record is of paramount importance and COPE’s Retraction Guidelines still apply in such cases.


Article Withdrawal

This journal allows the author to withdraw submitted manuscripts as long as they have not signed the manuscript declaration once the manuscript has been accepted for publication. Because the author would be asked to sign the declaration once the manuscript has been accepted, the withdrawal can be made only in the submission and review stages. The author can directly send a letter to the journal's email indicating the interest to withdraw the detailed manuscript.


Article Correction

This journal should consider issuing a correction if there is a small part of an otherwise reliable publication reports flawed data or proves to be misleading, especially if this is the result of honest error. Also, if the Author or Contributor list is incorrect (e.g., deserving authors have been omitted or someone who does not meet authorship criteria has been included). Corrections to peer-reviewed content fall into one of three categories:

Publisher correction (erratum): to notify readers of an important error made by publishing/journal staff (usually a production error) that has a negative impact on the publication record or the scientific integrity of the article, or the reputation of the Authors or the journal.

Author correction (corrigendum): to notify readers of an important error made by the Authors, which negatively impacts the publication record or the scientific integrity of the article or the reputation of the Authors or the journal.

Addendum: an addition to the article by its Authors to explain inconsistencies, expand the existing work, or otherwise explain or update the information in the main work.

The decision of whether a correction should be issued is made by the Editor(s) of a journal, sometimes with advice from Reviewers or Editorial Board members. Handling Editors will contact the Authors of the paper concerned with a request for clarification, but the final decision about whether a correction is required and if so, which type rests with the Editors.


Article Removal

In a very limited case, this journal may be necessary to remove a published article from our online platform. It will only happen if an article is clearly defamatory, or infringes others’ legal rights, or where the article is, or we have good reason to expect that it will be, the subject of a court order, or where the article, if acted upon, may pose a serious health risk. In such circumstances, while the metadata (i.e. title and author information) of the article will be retained, the text will be replaced with a screen indicating that the article has been removed for legal reasons.