Kerja Sama Transnasional dalam Pemberantasan Perdagangan Orang (Human Trafficking) di Kamboja

  • Fuat Albayumi Jurusan Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Jember (UNEJ)
  • Vianda Sonia Adellia Jurusan Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Jember (UNEJ)
  • Bagus Sigit Sunarko Jurusan Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Jember (UNEJ)

Abstract

Cambodia as a country with a low human development index still has to deal with the high number of trafficking cases in the country. Although Cambodia and two international nongovernmental organizations (INGOs), namely The Asia Foundation and the International Justice Mission (IJM) have collaborated to combat human trafficking in the country, these efforts so far have not shown maximum results. This research was also conducted to reveal what are the faktors that hinder the achievement of transnational cooperation goalsto combat human trafficking in Cambodia. This study uses several concepts such as poverty, low education, corruption, and other social and cultural faktors as domestic faktors that hinder the eradication of human trafficking. Meanwhile the theory used is the Theory of Stages of Norm Internalization from Martha Finnemore and Kathryn Sikkink and Theory of Transnational Relations and Domestic Structure from Thomas Risse-Kappen. On the other hand, the data collection technique in this research is literature study and for the data analysis technique, the researcher uses stages consisting of data condensation, data display, and conclusion drawing.Based on the analysis in this study, the causes of transnational cooperation got hinderedin combating human trafficking are divided into indirect causes which include the lack of a strong internalization process for human rights norm in Cambodia as a result of state-controlledcountry and direct causes which include poverty in the country, low education, corruption in law enforcement related to the eradication of human trafficking, as well as other social and cultural faktors in the form of debt bondage and lack of job opportunities in Cambodia.

Published
2022-06-29
How to Cite
ALBAYUMI, Fuat; ADELLIA, Vianda Sonia; SUNARKO, Bagus Sigit. Kerja Sama Transnasional dalam Pemberantasan Perdagangan Orang (Human Trafficking) di Kamboja. e-Sospol, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 2, p. 38-62, june 2022. ISSN 2355-1798. Available at: <https://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/E-SOS/article/view/32067>. Date accessed: 27 sep. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.19184/e-sos.v9i2.32067.