Synthesis and Characterization of Hydrogels based on Graft Copolymerization of Acrylamide on Chitin resulted from Enzymatic Isolation of Shrimp Waste

  • Tia Lestari Jurusan Kimia Fakultas MIPA Universitas Jember
  • Achmad Sjaifullah Jurusan Kimia Fakultas MIPA Universitas Jember
  • Agung Budi Santoso Jurusan Kimia Fakultas MIPA Universitas Jember

Abstract

Shrimp waste containing chitin 15-20%. Chitin can be isolated enzymatically by using protease
enzymes derived from the waste itself. Waste of shrimp marinated in 1M H2SO4 for 10 days at pH
1-2 and do control the pH and concentration of N-total every 24 hours. So that, this process can
reduce the use of chemicals and environmental pollution. Enzymatic chitin obtained ash content
1.789% and 5.322% of N-total. Results of IR showed characteristic functional groups of chitin are
OH 3390.5 cm-1, NH (secondary amide) 3348.71 cm-1, C = O 1648.20 cm-1, C-N at 1313.96 cm-1,
C-O 1115, 28 cm-1. Chitin is dissolved in 8% NaOH / Urea 4% for 36 hours (-20oC). Hydrogels
made with a ratio (1: 6); (1: 8); (1:16); (1:24) w / w. The results showed the increasing amount of
acrylamide monomer, the greater the value% graft and absorption of water. Enzymatic chitin
hydrogel showed the maximum value % graft is 2492.073%; and water absorption 1.794 g / g. IR
hydrogel results indicate primary amide N-H stretching of acrylamide at 3349.77 and 3202.88 cm-
1, C = O 1662.03 cm-1
Keywords: hydrogel, chitin, acrylamide, graft copolymerization

 

Published
2017-02-01
How to Cite
LESTARI, Tia; SJAIFULLAH, Achmad; SANTOSO, Agung Budi. Synthesis and Characterization of Hydrogels based on Graft Copolymerization of Acrylamide on Chitin resulted from Enzymatic Isolation of Shrimp Waste. Jurnal ILMU DASAR, [S.l.], v. 17, n. 2, p. 59-64, feb. 2017. ISSN 2442-5613. Available at: <http://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/JID/article/view/2684>. Date accessed: 24 june 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.19184/jid.v17i2.2684.
Section
General